Pogostost elementov v zemeljski skorji

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- Z Element Simbol Pogostost v litosferi[1] Relativni delež (ppm)[2] Proporcija (ppm)[3] Proporcija (ppm)[4] Proporcija (ppm)[5] Proizvodnja (2012, v tonah)[6]
1 8 kisik O 460,000 474,000 460,000 467,100 461,000
2 14 silicij [upper-alpha 1] Si 277,200 277,100 270,000 276,900 282,000 7,600,000
3 13 aluminij Al 81,300 82,000 82,000 80,700 82,300 44,900,000
4 26 železo Fe 50,000 41,000 63,000 50,500 56,300 1,100,000,000
5 20 kalcij Ca 36,300 41,000 50,000 36,500 41,500
6 11 natrij Na 28,300 23,000 23,000 27,500 23,600 280,000,000
7 19 kalij K 25,900 21,000 15,000 25,800 20,900 34,000
8 12 magnezij Mg 20,900 23,000 29,000 20,800 23,300 750,000
9 22 titan Ti 4,400 5,600 6,600 6,200 5,600 6,500,000
10 1 vodik H 1,400 1,500 1,400 1,400
11 15 fosfor P 1,200 1,000 1,000 1,300 1,050
12 25 mangan Mn 1,000 950 1,100 900 950 16,000,000
13 9 fluor F 800 950 540 290 585
14 56 barij Ba 500 340 500 425
15 6 ogljik [upper-alpha 2] C 300 480 1,800 940 200
16 38 stroncij Sr 370 360 370 380,000
17 16 žveplo S 500 260 420 520 350 70,000,000
18 40 cirkonij Zr 190 130 250 165 1,420,000
19 74 volfram W 160.6 1.1 1.25 73,000
20 23 vanadij V 100 160 190 120 63,000
21 17 klor Cl 500 130 170 450 145 280,000,000
22 24 krom Cr 100 100 140 350 102 24,000,000
23 37 rubidij Rb 300 90 60 90
24 28 nikelj Ni 80 90 190 84 2,100,000
25 30 cink Zn 75 79 70 13,000,000
26 29 baker Cu 100 50 68 60 17,000,000
27 58 cerij Ce 68 60 66.5
28 60 neodim Nd 38 33 41.5
29 57 lantan La 32 34 39
30 39 itrij Y 30 29 33 8,900
31 7 dušik N 50 25 20 19 137,000,000
32 27 kobalt Co 20 30 25 110,000
33 3 litij Li 20 17 20 37,000
34 41 niobij Nb 20 17 20 69,000
35 31 galij Ga 18 19 19
36 21 skandij Sc 16 26 22
37 82 svinec Pb 14 10 14 5,200,000
38 62 samarij Sm 7.9 6 7.05
39 90 torij Th 12 6 9.6
40 59 prazeodim Pr 9.5 8.7 9.2
41 5 bor B 950 8.7 10 4,600,000
42 64 gadolinij Gd 7.7 5.2 6.2
43 66 disprozij Dy 6 6.2 5.2
44 72 hafnij Hf 5.3 3.3 3.0
45 68 erbij Er 3.8 3.0 3.5
46 70 iterbij Yb 3.3 2.8 3.2
47 55 cezij Cs 3 1.9 3
48 4 berilij Be 2.6 1.9 2.8 230
49 50 kositer Sn 0 2.2 2.2 2.3 230,000
50 63 evropij Eu 2.1 1.8 2.0
51 92 uran U 0 1.8 2.7 66,512
52 73 tantal Ta 2 1.7 2.0 765
53 32 germanij Ge 1.8 1.4 1.5 128
54 42 molibden Mo 1.5 1.1 1.2 250,000
55 33 arzen As 1.5 2.1 1.8 44,000
56 67 holmij Ho 1.4 1.2 1.3
57 65 terbij Tb 1.1 0.94 1.2
58 69 tulij Tm 0.48 0.45 0.52
59 35 brom Br 0.37 3 2.4 580,000
60 81 talij Tl 0.6 0.530 0.850 10
61 71 lutecij[7] Lu 0.5
62 51 antimon Sb 0.2 0.2 0.2 180,000
63 53 jod I 0.14 0.490 0.450 28,000
64 48 kadmij Cd 0.11 0.15 0.15 23,000
65 47 srebro Ag 0.070 0.080 0.075 24,000
66 80 živo srebro Hg 0.05 0.067 0.085 1,600
67 34 selen Se 0.05 0.05 0.05 2,000
68 49 indij In 0.049 0.160 0.250 670
69 83 bizmut Bi 0.048 0.025 0.0085 7,400
70 52 telur Te 0.005 0.001 0.001
71 78 platina Pt 0.003 0.0037 0.005 179
72 79 zlato Au 0.0011 0.0031 0.004 2,700
73 44 rutenij Ru 0.001 0.001 0.001
74 46 paladij Pd 0.0006 0.0063 0.015 200
75 75 renij Re 0.0004 0.0026 0.0007 52
76 77 iridij Ir 0.0003 0.0004 0.001
77 45 rodij Rh 0.0002 0.0007 0.001
78 76 osmij Os 0.0001 0.0018 0.0015
  1. 5,000 tonnes of annual production is electronic grade
  2. sum of carbon content of coal, crude oil and natural gas

Sklici in reference[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. "Elements, Terrestrial Abundance". www.daviddarling.info. Arhivirano iz prvotnega spletišča dne 10 April 2007. Pridobljeno dne 2007-04-14. 
  2. Barbalace, Kenneth. "Periodic Table of Elements". Environmental Chemistry.com. Pridobljeno dne 2007-04-14. 
  3. "Abundance in Earth's Crust". WebElements.com. Arhivirano iz prvotnega spletišča dne 9 March 2007. Pridobljeno dne 2007-04-14. 
  4. "List of Periodic Table Elements Sorted by Abundance in Earth's crust". Israel Science and Technology Homepage. Pridobljeno dne 2007-04-15. 
  5. "It's Elemental — The Periodic Table of Elements". Jefferson Lab. Arhivirano iz prvotnega spletišča dne 29 April 2007. Pridobljeno dne 2007-04-14. 
  6. Commodity Statistics and Information. USGS. All production numbers are for mines, except for Al, Cd, Fe, Ge, In, N, Se (plants, refineries), S (all forms) and As, Br, Mg, Si (unspecified). Data for B, K, Ti, Y are given not for the pure element but for the most common oxide, data for Na and Cl are for NaCl. For many elements like Si, Al, data are ambiguos (many forms produced) and are taken for the pure element. U data is pure element required for consumption by current reactor fleet [1]. WNA.
  7. Emsley, John (2001). Nature's building blocks: an A-Z guide to the elements. Oxford University Press. str. 240–242. ISBN 0-19-850341-5.