Hawker Siddeley Harrier

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Harrier GR.1 / GR.3
AV-8A/C/S Harrier
A Harrier flies over an aircraft carrier below
Španski AV-8S Matador leti nad letalonosilko Dedalo
Vloga V/STOL lovski bombnik
Izvor Združeno Kraljestvo
Proizvajalec/-ci Hawker Siddeley
Krstni polet Harrier: 28. december 1967
Predstavljen 1. april 1969
Status Upokojen (2006)
Glavni uporabniki RAF
Ameriški marinci
Španska mornarica
Tajska mornarica
Izdelovan 1967–1970eta
Število izdelanih 278
Razvit iz Hawker Siddeley P.1127/Kestrel
Izpeljanke British Aerospace Sea Harrier
McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II
British Aerospace Harrier II
Hawker Siddeley XV-6A Kestrel
AV-8C Harrier

Hawker Siddeley Harrier je enomotorno reaktivno V/STOL lovsko letalo, ki so ga razvili v Britaniji v 1960ih. Bil je prvo operativno V/STOL letalo (veritkalen/kratek vzlet in pristanek) in edino uspešno, če ne štejemo Jakovljev Jak-38, obe letali sta si po izgledu in konfiguraciji precej podobni. Harrier se je uporabljal kot lovski bombnik in tudi kot lovec za letalske dvoboje. Harrier je lahko deloval z manjših letalonosilk, ki niso imela katapulta. Če je bil lahko naložen pa tudi s helipadov.

Rolls-Royce Pegasus
Lokacije štirih šob

Harrier je bil razvit na podlagi Hawker Siddeley P.1127/Kestrel. Poganjal ga je turbofan motor Rolls-Royce Pegasus, ki je imel štiri gibljive šobe za usmerjanje potiska. Kljub sorazmerno močnem motorju, je bil Harrier omejene na visoke podzovčne hitrosti.

Pozneje so originalnega Harrierja modernizirali v AV-8B Harrier II in British Aerospace Harrier II.

Specifikacije (Harrier GR.3)[uredi | uredi kodo]

Podatki iz Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988–89[1]

Splošne karakteristike

Zmogljivost

  • Maks. hitrost: 730 mph (635 vozlov, 1176 km/h) na nivoju morja
  • Bojni radij: 230 mi (200 nmi, 370 km) v načinu nizko-nizko-nizjo (lo-lo-lo) s 4400 lb (2000 kg) tovora
  • Največji doseg: 2129 mi (1850 nmi, 3425 km)
  • Višina leta: 51200 ft (15600 m)
  • Čas do 40000 ft (12200 m): 2 min 23 s

Oborožitev

Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]

Reference[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. ^ Taylor 1988, pp. 290–291.

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Bishop, Chris and Chris Chant. Aircraft Carriers. Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA: Zenith Imprint, 2004. ISBN 0-7603-2005-5.
  • Braybrook, Roy. Battle for the Falklands: Air Forces. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1982. ISBN 0-85045-493-X.
  • Brown, Kevin. "The Plane That Makes Airfields Obsolete." Popular Mechanics, 133(6), June 1970, pp. 80–83.
  • Bull, Stephen. Encyclopedia of Military Rechnology and Innovation. Westport, Connecticut, USA: Greenwood Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-57356-557-1.
  • Burr, Lawrence and Peter Bull. US Fast Battleships 1938–91: The Iowa Class. New York, USA: Osprey Publishing, 2010. ISBN 1-84603-511-2.
  • Buttler, Tony. British Secret Projects: Jet Fighters Since 1950. Hinckley, UK: Midland Publishing, 2000. ISBN 1-85780-095-8.
  • Freedman, Lawrence. The Official History of the Falklands Campaign. Volume II: War and Diplomacy. London, UK: Routledge, 2007. ISBN 978-0-415-41911-6.
  • Friedman, Norman. U.S. Aircraft Carriers: an Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press, 1983. ISBN 0-87021-739-9.
  • Gunston, W. T. "Pegasus updating prospects". Flight International, 22 January 1977, pp. 189–191.
  • Jackson, Paul. "British Aerospace/McDonnell Douglas Harrier". World Air Power Journal, Volume 6, Summer 1991. pp. 46–105.
  • Jefford, C.G., ed. The RAF Harrier Story. London, UK: Royal Air Force Historical Society, 2006. ISBN 0-9530345-2-6.
  • Jenkins, Dennis R. Boeing / BAe Harrier. North Branch, Minnesota, USA: Specialty Press, 1998. ISBN 1-58007-014-0.
  • Layman, R D and Stephen McLaughlin. The Hybrid Warship. London: Conway, 1991. ISBN 0-85177-555-1.
  • Miller, David M. O. and Chris Miller. "Modern Naval Combat". Crescent Books, 1986. ISBN 0-517-61350-6.
  • Moxton, Julian. "Supersonic Harrier: One Step Closer". Flight International, 4 December 1982, pp. 1633–1635.
  • Spick, Mike, ed. The Great Book of Modern Warplanes. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: MBI Publishing, 2000. ISBN 0-7603-0893-4.
  • Sturtivant, Ray. Fleet Air Arm Fixed-Wing Aircraft since 1946. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians), 2004. ISBN 0-85130-283.
  • Sturtivant, Ray. RAF Flying Training and Support Units since 1912. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians), 2007. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.
  • Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988–89. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Defence Data, 1988. ISBN 0-7106-0867-5.
  • Vann, Frank. Harrier Jump Jet. New York, USA: Bdd Promotional Book Co, 1990. ISBN 0-7924-5140-6.
  • Farley, John OBE. A View From The Hover: My Life In Aviation. Bath, UK: Seager Publishing/Flyer Books, 2010, first edition 2008. ISBN 978-0-9532752-0-5.
  • Gunston, Bill and Mike Spick. Modern Air Combat: The Aircraft, Tactics and Weapons Employed in Aerial Warfare Today. New York: Crescent Books, 1983. ISBN 0-517-41265-9.

Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]

Predloga:BAE aircraft