Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star

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P-80 / F-80 Shooting Star
P-80A 44-85004
Vloga Lovsko letalo
Izvor ZDA
Proizvajalec/-ci Lockheed
Oblikovalec Clarence "Kelly" Johnson
Krstni polet 8. januar 1944
Uveden 1945
Status Upokojen
Glavni uporabniki Ameriške letalske sile
Ameriška mornarica
Število izdelanih 1 715
Cena enote US$110 000, leta 1945
Različice Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star
Lockheed F-94 Starfire
XP-80A
P-80B

Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star, tudi F-80 je bil prvi operativni reaktivni lovec Ameriških letalskih sil (oz. natančneje USAAF). Prvič je poletel 8. januarja 1944, v uporabo je vstopil leta 1945. P-80 je bil prepozen za 2. svetovno vojno, se pa je uporabljal kasneje v Korejski vojni.

Specifikacije (P-80C/F-80C)[uredi | uredi kodo]

USAF P-80A
F-80C Shooting Star

Podatki iz Quest for Performance[1]

Splošne karakteristike

  • Posadka: 1
  • Dolžina: 34 ft 5 in (10,49 m)
  • Razpon kril: 38 ft 9 in (11,81 m)
  • Višina: 11 ft 3 in (3,43 m)
  • Površina kril: 237,6 ft² (22,07 m²)
  • Vitkost: 6,37
  • Teža praznega letala: 8 420 lb (3 819 kg)
  • Naložena teža: 12 650 lb (5 738 kg)
  • Maks. vzletna teža: 16 856 lb (7 646 kg)
  • Pogon letala: 1 × Allison J33-A-35 turboreaktivni motor s centrifugalnim kompresorjem, 5 400 lbf (24,0 kN)

Zmogljivost

  • Maks. hitrost: 600 mph, Mach 0.76 (965 km/h)
  • Potovalna hitrost: 410 mph (660 km/h)
  • Doseg: 1 200 milj (1 930 km)
  • Višina leta: 46 000 ft (14 000 m)
  • Hitrost vzpenjanja: 4 580 ft/min (23,3 m/s) 5,5 min do višine 20 000 ft (6 100 m)
  • Obremenitev kril: 53 lb/ft² (260 kg/m²)
  • Razmerje potisk/teža: 0,43
  • Razmerje vzgon/upor: 17,7

Oborožitev

  • Strelno orožje: 6 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) M3 Browning strojnice (vsaka s 300 naboji)
  • Rakete: 8 × 127mm nevodljive rakte
  • Bombe: 2 × 454 kg bombi

Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]

Sklici[uredi | uredi kodo]

Sklici[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. Loftin, L.K. Jr. "Quest for Performance: The Evolution of Modern Aircraft NASA SP-468." NASA. Retrieved: 22 April 2006.

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Andrade, John (1982). Latin-American Military Aviation. Leicester, UK: Midland Counties Publications. ISBN 9780904597318.
  • Arnold, Rhodes (1981). Shooting Star, T-Bird & Starfire: A Famous Lockheed Family. Tucson, Arizona: Aztex Corp. ISBN 978-0-8940-4035-1.
  • Baugher, Joe. "Lockheed P-80/F-80 Shooting Star." USAAC/USAAF/USAF Fighter and Pursuit Aircraft, 16 July 1999.
  • Bilstein, Roger E. (2001). Flight in America: From the Wrights to the Astronauts. Baltimore, Maryland: Hopkins Fulfillment Service, Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-6685-2.
  • Davis, Larry (1978). MiG Alley: Air to Air Combat Over Korea. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications. ISBN 9780897470810.
  • Davis, Larry (1980). P-80 Shooting Star. T-33/F-94 in action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications. ISBN 9780897470995.
  • Dorr, Robert F. "P-80 Shooting Star Variants". Wings of Fame Vol. 11. London: Aerospace Publishing, 1998. ISBN 1-86184-017-9.
  • Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. "Shooting Star, Lockheed F-80/T-33." Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare, Volume 21. London: Phoebus, 1978. ISBN 0-8393-6175-0.
  • Francillon, René J. (1982). Lockheed Aircraft since 1913. London: Putnam. COBISS 26471685. ISBN 0-370-30329-6.
  • Green, William (1961). Ryan FR-1 Fireball. War Planes of the Second World War, Volume Four: Fighters (1 izd.). London: Macdonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd. ISBN 0-356-01448-7.
  • Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. The Great Book of Fighters. St. Paul, Minnesota: MBI Publishing, 2001. ISBN 0-7603-1194-3.
  • Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. WW2 Aircraft Fact Files: US Army Air Force Fighters, Part 2. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers, 1978. ISBN 0-354-01072-7.
  • Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens, 1989. ISBN 1-85260-163-9.
  • Jenkins, Dennis R.; Tony R. Landis (2008). Experimental & Prototype U.S. Air Force Jet Fighters. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press. ISBN 978-1-58007-111-6.
  • Jones, Lloyd S. (1975). U.S. Fighters: Army-Air Force 1925 to 1980s. Fallbrook, California: Aero Publishers Inc. ISBN 0-8168-9200-8.
  • Knaack, Marcelle Size (1978). Encyclopedia of US Air Force Aircraft and Missile Systems: Volume 1 Post-World War II Fighters 1945–1973 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-59-5.
  • Pace, Steve. Lockheed Skunk Works. St. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International, 1992. ISBN 0-87938-632-0.
  • Polmar, Norman. "Lots of Shooting Stars". Naval History (United States Naval Institute), Vol. 14, No. 4, August 2001, pp. 12–14.
  • United States Air Force Museum Guidebook. Wright-Patterson AFB, OH: Air Force Museum Foundation, 1975.
  • Wooldridge, E.T. Jr. The P-80 Shooting Star: Evolution of a Jet Fighter (Famous Aircraft of the National Air and Space Museum Series, Vol. 3). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1979. ISBN 0-87474-965-4.

Zunanje poveuave[uredi | uredi kodo]