Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow

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CF-105 Arrow
CF-105 Arrow
Vloga Lovsko letalo/prestreznik
Proizvajalec/-ci Avro Canada
Krstni polet 25. marec 1958
Status preklican 20. februarja 1959
Glavni uporabnik Kraljeve Kanadske letalske sile
Izdelovan 1957
Število izdelanih 5 (No. 6 je bila 93% končana, drugi v različnih fazah zgradbe)
Cena enote C$3,5–5 milijonov

Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow je bilo kanadsko dvomotorno nadzvočno prestrezniško letalo. Načrtovalo in zgradilo ga je podjetje Avro Canada. Avro Arrow je bilo eno izmed tehnološko najbolj naprednih letal kanadske letalske letalske industrije. Projekt je bil preklican preden je vstopil v serijsko proizvodnjo. Na višini 50 000 čevljev (15 000 m) naj bi dosegel hitrost Mach 2+.

Replika CF-105 Arrow v Canadian Air and Space Museum, Toronto

Po drugi svetovni vojni je Sovjetska zveza razvila nove strateške bombnike z velikim dosegom, ki bi lahko z jedrskim orožjem napadli cilje v Severni Ameriki in Evropi. Zato so na zahodu začeli razvijati prestrezniška letala.

Na Arrowu so uporabili inovativno delta krilo, ki ima pri nadzvočnem letu enake prednosti kot naklonjeno (puščičasto) krilo. Ima pa več prostora in večjo površino kril, kar omogoča več goriva in orožja. Slabosti so bili večji upor pri majhnih hitrostih, nižjih višinah in manevriranju.

Tehnične specifikacije (Arrow Mk 1)[uredi | uredi kodo]

Avro CF-105 Arrow
Zunanje slike
Avro CF-105 Arrow cutaway
Hi-res cutaway of the Avro CF-105 Arrow by Flight Global.

Podatki iz The Great Book of Fighters,[1] The Canadian Approach to All-Weather Interceptor Development,[2] Avro Arrow: The Story of the Avro Arrow from its Evolution to its Extinction[3]

Splošne karakteristike

Zmogljivost

  • Maks. hitrost: Mach 1,98 (1307 mph, 2104 km/h) na 50000 ft (15000 m)
  • Potovalna hitrost: Mach 0,91 (607 mph, 977 km/h) na 36000 ft (11000 m)
  • Bojni radij: 360 NM (410 mi, 660 km)
  • Višina leta: 53000 ft (16150 m)
  • Obremenitev kril: 46,5 lb/ft² (226,9 kg/m²)
  • Razmerje potisk/teža: 0,825 (naložen)

Oborožitev

Letalska elektronika

  • Hughes MX-1179 fire control system

Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]


Sklici[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. ^ Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. The Great Book of Fighters. St. Paul, Minnesota: MBI Publishing, 2001. ISBN 0-7603-1194-3.
  2. ^ Floyd 1958
  3. ^ Page et al. 2004, p. 116.

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Abzug, Malcolm J. and E. Eugene Larrabee. Airplane Stability and Control: A History of the Technologies that made Aviation Possible. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 978-0-521-80992-4.
  • Anderson, John D. Jr. Fundamentals of Aerodynamics. New York: McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering, Fifth Edition 2008, First Edition 1984. ISBN 1-4277-9659-9.
  • Andrew, Christopher and Vasili Mitrokhin. The Mitrokhin Archive: The KGB in Europe and the West. Eastbourne, East Sussex, UK: Gardners Books, 2000. ISBN 0-14-028487-7.
  • Bothwell, Robert and William Kilbourn. C.D. Howe: A Biography. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1979. ISBN 0-7710-4535-2.
  • Campagna, Palmiro. Storms of Controversy: The Secret Avro Arrow Files Revealed. Toronto: Stoddart, third paperback edition, 1998. ISBN 0-7737-5990-5.
  • Campagna, Palmiro. Requiem for a Giant: A.V. Roe Canada and the Avro Arrow. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2003. ISBN 1-55002-438-8.
  • Dow, James. The Arrow. Toronto: James Lorimer and Company Publishers, 1979. ISBN 0-88862-282-1.
  • Floyd, James. "The Canadian Approach to All-Weather Interceptor Development. The Fourteenth British Commonwealth Lecture." The Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society, Volume 62, no. 576, December 1958.
  • French, Francis and Colin Burgess. Into that Silent Sea: Trailblazers of the Space Era, 1961–1965 (Outward Odyssey: A People's History of Space). Lincoln Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8032-1146-9.
  • Gainor, Chris. Arrows to the Moon: Avro's Engineers and the Space Race. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee, 2001. ISBN 1-896522-83-1.
  • Gainor, Chris. Who Killed the Avro Arrow? Edmonton: Folklore Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-894864-68-8.
  • Gunston, Bill. Fighters of the Fifties. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, 1981. ISBN 0-933424-32-9.
  • Isinger, Russell. "Flying Blind: The Politics Of The Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow Programme." The Evolution of Air Power in Canada 1919 to the Present Day and Beyond. Winnipeg: Department of National Defence, Papers presented at the 2nd Air Force Historical Conference, volume II, 1997.
  • Isinger, Russell. "The Avro Arrow." Canada: Confederation to Present. CD-ROM. Edmonton: Chinook Multimedia Inc., 2001. ISBN 1-894785-00-2.
  • Isinger, Russell. "The Avro Arrow." The Oxford Companion to Canadian History. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-19-541559-0.
  • Isinger, Russell. The Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow Programme: Decisions and Determinants. MA Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, 1997.
  • Isinger, Russell and D.C. Story. "The Plane Truth: The Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow Programme." In The Diefenbaker Legacy: Politics, Law, and Society Since 1957. Regina: Canadian Plains Research Centre, 1980. ISBN 0-88977-091-3.
  • Lukasiewicz, Julius. "Canada's Encounter with High-Speed Aeronautics." Technology and Culture. The International Quarterly Journal of the Society for the History of Technology, Volume 27, No. 2, April 1986.
  • Milberry, Larry, ed. Sixty Years: The RCAF and CF Air Command 1924–1984. Toronto: Canav Books, 1984. ISBN 0-9690703-4-9.
  • Page, Ron, Richard Organ, Don Watson and Les Wilkinson (the "Arrowheads"). Avro Arrow: The Story of the Avro Arrow from its Evolution to its Extinction. Erin, Ontario: Boston Mills Press, 1979, reprinted Stoddart, 2004. ISBN 1-55046-047-1.
  • Payne, Stephen. Canadian Wings: A Remarkable Century of Flight. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2006. ISBN 978-1-55365-167-3.
  • Peden, Murray. Fall of an Arrow. Toronto: Stoddart Publishing, 2003, First edition 1978. ISBN 0-7737-5105-X.
  • Pigott, Peter. Flying Canucks II: Pioneers of Canadian Aviation. Toronto: Dundurn Press Ltd, 1997. ISBN 0-88882-193-X
  • Shaw, E.K. There Never was an Arrow. Toronto: Steel Rail Educational Publishing, 1979. ISBN 0-88791-025-4.
  • Smye, Fred. Canadian Aviation and the Avro Arrow. Oakville, Ontario: Randy Smye (self-published), 1985.
  • Stewart, Greig. Arrow Through the Heart: The Life and Times of Crawford Gordon and the Avro Arrow. Toronto: McGraw-Hill-Ryerson, 1998. ISBN 0-07-560102-8.
  • Stewart, Greig. Shutting Down the National Dream: A.V. Roe and the Tragedy of the Avro Arrow. Toronto: McGraw-Hill-Ryerson, 1991. ISBN 0-07-551119-3.
  • Stursberg, Peter. Diefenbaker: Leadership Gained: 1956–62. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1975. ISBN 0-8020-2130-1.
  • Supersonic Sentinel. Rare Avro Arrow film footage. Available from Arrow Digital Archives (ARC); also includes extra footage of the Arrow in flight and some footage of the Avro Jetliner (1950).
  • Valiquette, Marc-Andre. Destruction of a Dream: The Tragedy of Avro Canada and the CF-105 Arrow, Volume 1. Montreal: Marc-Andre Valiquette (self-published), 2009. ISBN 978-2-9811239-0-9.
  • Valiquette, Marc-Andre. Supersonic Dreams: At the Dawn of a New Era, Volume 2. Montreal: Marc-Andre Valiquette (self-published), 2010. ISBN 978-2-9811021-3-3.
  • Whitcomb, Randall. Avro Aircraft and Cold War Aviation. St. Catharine's, Ontario: Vanwell, 2002. ISBN 1-55125-082-9.
  • Whitcomb, Randall. Cold War Tech War. The Politics Of America's Air Defense. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books, 2008. ISBN 1-894959-77-9.
  • Zuk, Bill. The Avro Arrow Story: The Impossible Dream. Calgary: Altitude Publishing, 2006. ISBN 1-55439-703-0.
  • Zuk, Bill. The Avro Arrow Story: The Revolutionary Airplane and its Courageous Test Pilots. Calgary: Altitude Publishing, 2005. ISBN 1-55153-978-0.
  • Zuk, Bill. Janusz Zurakowski: Legends in the Sky. St. Catharine's, Ontario: Vanwell, 2004. ISBN 1-55125-083-7.
  • Zuuring, Peter. Arrow Countdown. Kingston, Ontario: Arrow Alliance Press, 2001. ISBN 1-55056-866-3.
  • Zuuring, Peter. Arrow First Flight. Kingston, Ontario: Arrow Alliance Press, 2002. ISBN 1-55056-903-1.
  • Zuuring, Peter. Arrow Rollout. Kingston, Ontario: Arrow Alliance Press, 2002. ISBN 1-55056-902-3.
  • Zuuring, Peter. The Arrow Scrapbook. Kingston, Ontario: Arrow Alliance Press, 1999. ISBN 1-55056-690-3.
  • Zuuring, Peter. Iroquois Rollout. Kingston, Ontario: Arrow Alliance Press, 2002. ISBN 1-55056-906-6.
Dodatni viri
  • Library and Archives Canada is the official repository of most government documents relating to the Avro CF-105 Arrow project, though there are many documents at the Department of National Defence's Directorate of History and Heritage as well. Almost all Avro Arrow documents have now been declassified.
  • There Never Was an Arrow was broadcast on the CBC in March 1980 (available as an extra on the Arrow Docu-Drama DVD). Clips from the program can be seen at CBC.

Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]

Predloga:Avro Canada