Bristol Beaufighter

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Type 156 Beaufighter
Beaufighter Mk X z raketami
Vloga Lovski bombnik
Proizvajalec/-ci Bristol Aeroplane Company
Krstni polet 17. julij 1939
Uveden 27. julij 1940
Upokojen 1960 (Avstralija)
Glavni uporabniki RAF
Kraljeve kanadske letalske sile
Izdelovan May 1940–1946
Število izdelanih 5928
Razvit iz Bristol Beaufort

Bristol Type 156 Beaufighter, ali samo Beau je bil britanski dvomotorni težki lovec/bombnik iz 2. svetovne vojne. Razvit je bil na podlagi torpednega bombnika Beaufort. "Beaufighter" je okrajšava za "Beaufort" in "fighter" (lovec). Beaufighter se je uporabljal na skoraj vseh frontah 2. svetovne vojne. Skupaj so zgradili skoraj 6000 letal. V Avstraliji so zgradili verzijo znano kot DAP Beaufighter.

S hitrostjo 540 km/h na višini 5000 metrov je bil sorazmerno počasen za lovca. Leta 1942 se je pojavil hitrejši de Havilland Mosquito, ki je prevzel vlogo nočnega lovca. Beaufighter je bil kljub temu uspešen pri napadih na kopenske cilje in ladje.

Južnoafriški Beaufighterji med napadom na Žužemberk 13. februarja 1945

[1]

Kokpit Beaufighter F Mk I
Beaufighter
RAF Beaufighter kot torpedni bombnik

Specifikacije (Beaufighter TF X)[uredi | uredi kodo]

Ortografska projekcija

Podatki iz Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II

Splošne karakteristike

Zmogljivost

  • Maks. hitrost: 320 mph (280 vozlov, 515 km/h) na 10000 ft (3050 m)
  • Doseg: 1750 mi (1520 nmi, 2816 km)
  • Višina leta: 19000 ft (5795 m)
  • Hitrost vzpenjanja: 1600 ft/min (8,2 m/s) brez torpeda

Oborožitev

  • 4 × 20 mm Hispano Mk III top v nosu vsak s 60 naboji;
  • Lovska različica

    • 4 × .303 in (7.7 mm) M1919 Browning strojnica (desno krilo)
    • 2 × .303 in (7.7 mm) strojnica (levo krilo)
    • 8 × RP-3 "60 lb" (27 kg) rakete ali 2× 1000 lb (450 kg) bomb

    Torpedna različica

    Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]

    Sklici[uredi | uredi kodo]

    1. "70-letnica bombardiranj Žužemberka" (PDF). Suhokranjske poti (Občina Žužemberk) 26: 12/29. Pridobljeno dne 15.8.2016. 

    Bibliografija[uredi | uredi kodo]

    • Ashworth, Chris. RAF Coastal Command: 1936–1969. London: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1992. ISBN 1-85260-345-3.
    • Bingham, Victor. Bristol Beaufighter. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing, Ltd., 1994. ISBN 1-85310-122-2.
    • Bowyer, Chaz. Beaufighter. London: William Kimber, 1987. ISBN 0-7183-0647-3.
    • Bowyer, Chaz. Beaufighter at War. London: Ian Allan Ltd., 1994. ISBN 0-7110-0704-7.
    • Bowyer, Michael J. F. The Battle of Britain: The Fight for Survival in 1940. Manchester, UK: Crécy Publishing, 2010. ISBN 978-0-85979-147-2.
    • Buttler, Tony (2004). British Secret Projects: Fighters and Bombers 1935–1950. Hinckley, Lancastershire, UK: Midland Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85780-179-8. 
    • Bridgeman, Leonard, ed. "The Bristol 156 Beaufighter." Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II. London: Studio, 1946. ISBN 1-85170-493-0.
    • Flintham, V. Air Wars and Aircraft: A Detailed Record of Air Combat, 1945 to the Present. New York: Facts on File, 1990. ISBN 0-8160-2356-5.
    • Franks, Richard A. The Bristol Beaufighter, a Comprehensive Guide for the Modeller. Bedford, UK: SAM Publications, 2002. ISBN 0-9533465-5-2.
    • Gilman J.D. and J. Clive. KG 200 (novel). London: Pan Books Ltd., 1978. ISBN 978-1-902109-33-6.
    • Hall, Alan W. Bristol Beaufighter (Warpaint No. 1). Dunstable, UK: Hall Park Books, 1995.
    • Howard. "Bristol Beaufighter: The Inside Story". Scale Aircraft Modelling, Vol. 11, No. 10, July 1989.
    • Innes, Davis J. Beaufighters over Burma – 27 Sqn RAF 1942–45. Poole, Dorset, UK: Blandford Press, 1985. ISBN 0-7137-1599-5.
    • March, Daniel J. (1998). British Warplanes of World War II. London: Aerospace Publishing. ISBN 1-874023-92-1. 
    • Mason, Francis K. Archive: Bristol Beaufighter. Oxford, UK: Container Publications.
    • Moyes, Philip J.R. The Bristol Beaufighter I & II (Aircraft in Profile Number 137). Leatherhead, Surrey, UK: Profile Publications Ltd., 1966.
    • Parry, Simon W. Beaufighter Squadrons in Focus. Walton on Thames, Surrey, Uk: Red Kite, 2001. ISBN 0-9538061-2-X.
    • Roba, Jean Louis. Foreign Planes in the Service of the Luftwaffe. Pen & Sword Aviation, 2009. ISBN 1-84884-081-0
    • Scutts, Jerry. Bristol Beaufighter (Crowood Aviation Series). Ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire, UK: The Crowood Press Ltd., 2004. ISBN 1-86126-666-9.
    • Scutts, Jerry. Bristol Beaufighter in Action (Aircraft number 153). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1995. ISBN 0-89747-333-7.
    • Spencer, Dennis A. Looking Backwards Over Burma: Wartime Recollections of a RAF Beaufighter Navigator. Bognor Regis, West Sussex, UK: Woodfield Publishing Ltd., 2009. ISBN 1-84683-073-7.
    • Thetford,Owen. Aircraft of the Royal Air Force since 1918. Putnam & Company, 1976. ISBN 978-0-37010-056-2.
    • Thomas, Andrew. Beaufighter Aces of World War 2. Botley, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2005. ISBN 1-84176-846-4.
    • Wilson, Stewart. Beaufort, Beaufighter and Mosquito in Australian Service. Weston, ACT, Australia: Aerospace Publications, 1990. ISBN 0-9587978-4-6.
    • White, Graham (2006). The Long Road to the Sky: Night Fighter Over Germany. Casemate Publishers. ISBN 978-1-84415-471-5. 

    Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]