Martin B-26 Marauder

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B-26 Marauder
Martin B-26B Marauder
Vloga Srednji bombnik
Izvor ZDA
Proizvajalec/-ci Glenn L. Martin Company
Krstni polet 25. november 1940
Predstavljen 1941
Status Upokojen
Glavni uporabniki USAAF
Francoske letalske sile
RAF
Južnoafriške letalske sile
Izdelovan 1941–1945
Število izdelanih 5288[1] [N 1]
Cena enote $102659 (B-26A)
Izpeljanke XB-33 Super Marauder
B-26 Marauder na posterju

Martin B-26 Marauder je bil srednje velik dvomotorni propelerski bombnik ameriškega podjetja Glenn L. Martin Company. Prvič se je uporabljal zgodaj leta 1942 na Pacifiškem teatru, kasneje pa tudi v Evropi.

Martin Marauder nad Banja Luko
B-26 Marauder
Martin B-26G

Kmalu po vstopu v uporabo je zaradi številnih nesreč pri vzletu in pristanku dobil vzdevek "Widowmaker". Potem so uvedli aerodinamične izboljšave in ustrezno usposobili posadke, tako se je število nesreč precej zmanjšalo. B-26 je lahko tovoril največ 2600 kg bomb, vendar je bil pri takem tovoru dolet sorazmerno kratek. B-26 je veljal za enega najbolj natančnih bombnikov.

V letih 1941−45 so zgradili 5288 letal. Uporabljale so ga tudi Kraljeve, Južnoafriške in Francoske letalske sile. Med 2. svetovno vojno so Marauderji v 110000 letih odvrgli 150000 ton bomb, večinoma v Evropi.

Oznaka B-26 se kdaj uporablja tudi za precej podobni bombnik Douglas A-26 Invader.

Specifikacije (B-26G)[uredi | uredi kodo]

B-26 Marauder
Martin B-26G-11-MA Marauder v muzeju

Podatki iz Quest for Performance[2] and Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II[3]

Splošne karakteristike

Zmogljivost

  • Maks. hitrost: 287 mph (250 vozlov, 460 km/h) na višini 5.000 ft (1.500 m)
  • Potovalna hitrost: 216 mph (188 vozlov, 358 km/h
  • Pristajalna hitrost: 114 mph (90 vozlov, 167 km/h))
  • Bojni radij: 1150 milj (999 nmi, 1850 km)
  • Največji doseg: 2850 milj (2480 nmi, 4590 km)
  • Višina leta: 21000 ft (6400 m)
  • Obremenitev kril: 46,4 lb/ft² (228 kg/m²)
  • Razmerje moč/teža: 0,10 KM/lb (170 W/kg)

Oborožitev

  • Strelno orožje: 12 × .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning strojnice
  • Bombe: 4.000 lb (1.800 kg)

Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]

Reference[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. Mendenhall, Charles. Deadly Duo. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press Publishers & Wholesalers, 1981. ISBN 0-933424-22-1.
  2. Loftin, L.K. Jr. "Quest for performance: The Evolution of Modern Aircraft." NASA SP-468. Retrieved: 22 April 2006.
  3. Bridgman 1946, pp. 245–246.
  1. Note: The 5,288 serial numbers published in Mendenhall's Deadly Duo effectively refutes the lesser count of the National Air and Space Museum.

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Birdsall, Steve. B-26 Marauder in Action (Aircraft number 50). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1981. ISBN 0-89747-119-9.
  • Bridgman, Leonard. "The Martin Model 179 Marauder". Jane’s Fighting Aircraft of World War II. London: Studio, 1946. ISBN 1-85170-493-0.
  • Brown, Kenneth. Marauder Man: World War II in the Crucial but Little Known B-26 Marauder Medium Bomber. Pacifica, California: Pacifica Press, 2001. ISBN 0-935553-53-3.
  • Donald, David, ed. American Warplanes of World War II. London: Aerospace Publishing, 1995. ISBN 1-874023-72-7.
  • Ehrhardt, Patrick. Les Marauders Français (in French). Ostwald, France: Editions du Polygone, 2006. ISBN 2-913832-05-9.
  • Ethell, L. Jeffrey. Aircraft of World War II. Glasgow: HarperCollins Publishers, 1995. ISBN 0-00-470849-0.
  • Forsyth, Robert and Jerry Scutts. Battle over Bavaria: The B-26 Marauder versus the German Jets, April 1945. Crowborough, UK: Classic Publications, 2000. ISBN 978-0-9526867-4-3.
  • Freeman, Roger A. B-26 Marauder at War. London: Ian Allan Ltd., 1977. ISBN 0-7110-0823-X.
  • Green, William (1975). Famous Bombers of the Second World War. (2 izd.). New York: Doubleday. COBISS 26411013. ISBN 0-356-08333-0. 
  • Hall, Tom. "Breaking in the B-26." American Aviation Historical Society Journal, Spring 1992.
  • Havener, Jack K. The Martin B-26 Marauder. Murfreesboro, Tennessee: Southern Heritage Press, 1997. ISBN 0-941072-27-4.
  • Hunter, Lawrence Jack. The Flying Prostitute. Lincoln, Nebraska: iUniverse.com, 2000. ISBN 0-595-00048-7.
  • Johnsen, Frederick A. Martin B-26 Marauder. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, 2000. ISBN 1-58007-029-9.
  • Johnson, E.R. American Attack Aircraft Since 1926. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2008. ISBN 0-7864-3464-3.
  • Listemann, Phil H. Allied Wings No. 2: Martin Marauder Mk.I. France: www.raf-in-combat.com, 2008. ISBN 2-9526381-6-0.
  • "Marauder: Mr Martin's Mean Machine" Part 1. Air International, January 1988, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 22–29, 49. Bromley, UK: Fine Scroll. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • "Marauder: Mr Martin's Mean Machine: Part Two". Air International, February 1988, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 75–82, 94. Bromley, UK: Fine Scroll. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • March, Daniel J. (1998). British Warplanes of World War II. London: Aerospace Publishing. ISBN 1-874023-92-1. 
  • McCullough, David. Truman. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003. ISBN 0-7432-6029-5.
  • Mendenhall, Charles. Deadly Duo: The B-25 and B-26 in WWII. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, 1981. ISBN 0-933424-22-1.
  • Moench, John O. Marauder Men: An Account of the B-26 Marauder. Longwood, Florida: Malia Enterprises, 1989. ISBN 1-877597-00-7.
  • Moore, Carl H. WWII: Flying the B-26 Marauder over Europe. Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania: McGraw-Hill/TAB Books, 1980. ISBN 0-8306-2311-6.
  • Nowicki, Jacek and Andre R. Zbiegniewski. Martin B-26, Vol. 1 (Militaria 137) (in Polish). Warsaw, Poland: Wydawnictwo Militaria, 2001. ISBN 83-7219-112-3.
  • O'Mahony, Charles. "Me & My Gal: The Stormy Combat Romance Between a WWII Bomber Pilot and his Martin B-26." Wings, December 1994.
  • Parshall, Jonathon and Anthony Tulley. Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Washington D.C.: Potomac Books, 2005. ISBN 1-57488-923-0.
  • Rehr, Louis S. and Carleton R. Rehr. Marauder: Memoir of a B-26 Pilot in Europe in World War II. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc, 2003. ISBN 0-7864-1664-5.
  • Scutts, Jerry. B-26 Marauder Units of the Eighth and Ninth Air Forces. Botley, UK: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 1997. ISBN 1-85532-637-X.
  • Slessor, Sir John. The Central Blue. New York: Fredrick A. Praeger, Inc., 1957.
  • Swanborough, F.G. and Peter M. Bowers. United States Military Aircraft since 1909. London: Putnam, First edition, 1963.
  • Swanborough, Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1990. ISBN 0-87021-792-5.
  • Tannehill, Victor C. Boomerang, Story of the 320th Bombardment Group in World War II. Self-published.
  • Tannehill, Victor C. The Martin Marauder B-26. Arvada, Colorado: Boomerang Publishers, 1997. ISBN 0-9605900-6-4.
  • Trent, Jack. " 'Fat-Bottomed Girls': The Martin B-26 Marauder." Scale Aircraft Modeller, Volume 14, No. 7, July 2008.
  • United States Air Force Museum Guidebook. Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio: Air Force Museum Foundation, 1975.
  • Wagner, Ray. The Martin B-26B & C Marauder (Aircraft in Profile No. 112). Windsor, Berkshire, UK: Profile Publications Ltd., 1965. Reprinted 1971.

Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]