Martin PBM Mariner

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PBM Mariner
PBM-5 Mariner ameriške mornarice
Vloga leteči čoln, amfibija
Proizvajalec/-ci Martin
Krstni polet 18. februar 1939
Predstavljen september 1940
Upokojen 1964 (Urugvaj)
Glavni uporabniki Ameriška mornarica (USN)
Ameriška obalna straža (US Coast Guard - USCG))
Avstralsko kraljevo vojno letalstvo (RAAF)
Argentinska mornarica
Izdelovan 1937-1949[1]
Število izdelanih 1.366
Različice Martin P5M Marlin

Martin PBM Mariner (Mornar) je bil dvomotorni propelerski patruljni in bombniški leteči čoln / amfibija iz 2. svetovne vojne.

Leta 1937 je podjetje Glenn L. Martin Company zasnovalo dvomotorni leteči čoln Model 162 kot naslednika predhodnika Martin P3M. Za testiranje so zgradili ⅜ model Martin 162A Tadpole Clipper, ki ga je poganjal 120 konjski Chevroletov avtomobilski motor.

Na PBM so uporabili galebje krilo, da bi bila motorja čim višje nad gladino vode pri vzletih in pristankih. Prvi let PBM-1 je bil 18. februarja 1939, skupaj so zgradili 1.366 letal.

Ameriški PBM-1 leta 1940

Tehnične specifikacije (PBM-1)[uredi | uredi kodo]

PBM-5S BuAer 3 side view.jpg

Podatki iz Jane’s Fighting Aircraft of World War II

Splošne karakteristike

Zmogljivost

  • Maks. hitrost: 178 vozlov (205 mph, 330 km/h)
  • Doseg: 2 600 nmi (3 000 mi, 4.800 km)
  • Višina leta: 19 800 ft (6.040 m)
  • Hitrost vzpenjanja: 800 ft/min (4,1 m/s)

Oborožitev

Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]

Sklici in reference[uredi | uredi kodo]

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Bridgeman, Leonard. “The Martin Model 162 Mariner.” Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II. London: Studio, 1946. ISBN 1-85170-493-0.
  • Donald, David, ed. American Warplanes of World War II. London: Aerospace Publishing, 1995. ISBN 1-874023-72-7.
  • Dorr, Robert F. "Variant Briefing: Martin Flying Boats: Mariner, Mars and Marlin". Wings of Fame, Volume 7, 1997, pp. 114–133. London: Aerospace Publishing, ISBN 1-874023-97-2.
  • Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War: Volume Five Flying Boats. London: Macdonald, 1968. ISBN 0-356-01449-5.
  • Hoffman, Richard A. "Dutch Mariners: PBMs in Service with the Netherlands Navy". Air Enthusiast, No. 97, January/February 2002, pp. 73–77. Stamford, UK:Key Publishing. ISSN 0143-5450.
  • Hoffman, Richard A. The Fighting Flying Boat: A History of the Martin PBM Mariner. Annapolis, Maryland: US Naval Institute Press, 2004. ISBN 978-1-59114-375-8.
  • Hoffman, Richard A. "South American Mariners: Martin PBMs in Argentina and Uruguay". Air Enthusiast, No. 104, March/April 2003, pp. 29–33. Stamford, UK: Key Publishing. ISSN 0143-5450.
  • Jefford, C.G. (1988). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-85310-053-6. 
  • March, Daniel J. (1998). British Warplanes of World War II. London: Aerospace Publishing. ISBN 1-874023-92-1. 
  • Martin PBM-3C US Navy Pilot's Handbook (MTPBM3C-POH-C). Washington, D.C.: The Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, 1944.
  • Martin PBM-3D 1943 Pilot's Handbook of Flight Operating Instructions (AN 01-35QF-1). Washington, D.C.: The Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, 1944.
  • Martin PBM-3D 1945 Pilot's Handbook of Flight Operating Instructions (AN 01-35EE-1). Washington, DC: The Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, 1944.
  • Martin PBM-5 1947 Navy Model Pilot's Handbook (AN 01-35ED-1). Washington, D.C.: The Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, 1944.
  • PBM-3S PNM-3D Handbook of Structural Repair Navy Model (A.N. 01-35QG-3). Washington, D.C.: The Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, 1944.
  • Roberts, Michael D. Dictionary of American Naval Aviation Squadrons: Volume 2: The History of VP, VPB, VP(HL) and VP(AM) Squadrons. Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 2000.
  • Smith, Bob. PBM Mariner in action - Aircraft No. 74. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1986. ISBN 978-0-89747-177-0.
  • Swanborough, Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Navy Aircraft since 1911. London: Putnam, 1976. ISBN 0-370-10054-9.
  • Sweet, Donald H. et al. The Forgotten Heroes: The Story of Rescue Squadron VH-3 in World War II.Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey:DoGO, 2000. ISBN 0-9679889-8-5.

Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]