Blackburn Buccaneer

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Buccaneer
Buccaneer S.2B, RAF Mildenhall, 1988
Vloga Palubni bombnik
Proizvajalec/-ci Blackburn Aircraft Limited
Hawker Siddeley
Krstni polet 3. april 1958
Predstavljen 17. julij 1962
Upokojen 1993
Glavni uporabniki Kraljeva mornarica
RAF
Južnoafriške letalske sile

Blackburn Buccaneer je britanski dvomotorni reaktivni palubni bombnik. Kraljeve letalske sile (RAF) in Kraljeva mornarica so v 1950ih hotele palubno bombniško letalo, ki bi lahko letelo na nizki višini (pod radarjem) in bilo sposobno jedrskih napadov. Zasnovalo ga je podjetje Blackburn Aircraft, pozneje to podjetje postalo del skupine Hawker Siddeley, zato se uporablja tudi oznaka Hawker Siddeley Buccaneer.

Prva serijska letala so imela več nesreč zaradi premajhne moči motorjev, zato so predstavili verzijo Buccaneer S.2 z močnejšimi motorji Rolls-Royce Spey. Sprva je bil Buccanner zavrnjen, ker je RAF hotela nadzvočnega BAC TSR-2 ali pa F-111K. Pozneje so preklicali oba TSR-2 in F-111K in namesto njih naročili Buccaneerje.

Buccaneerji so se uporabljali v Zalivski vojni in Južnoafriški obmejni vojni.

Pri Kraljevi mornarici je Buccaneerja nadomestil V/STOL British Aerospace Sea Harrier, pri RAF pa Panavia Tornado.

Buccaneer S.1 na 1962 Farnborough Airshow, obarvan je belo, ker je bil namenjen jedrskim napadom
Buccaneer S.2 z zloženimi krili, tako je zasedal manj prostora na letalonosilkah

Tehnične specifikacije (Buccaneer S.2)[uredi | uredi kodo]

Ortografska projekcija Blackburn Buccaneer
Zunanji video
Documentary focused on the Buccaneer
RAF Buccaneer performing display flight in 1993
Footage of Buccaneer activities during US Red Flag exercise

Podatki iz The Observer's Book of Aircraft,[1] Aeroguide 30: Blackburn Buccaneer S Mks 1 and 2[2]

Splošne karakteristike

Zmogljivost

Oborožitev

  • Strelno orožje: brez
  • Nosilci za orožje: 4× podkrilni nosilci in 1× notranji prostor z rotirajočim nosilcem s kapaciteto 12.000 lb (5.443 kg) and provisions to carry combinations of:
    • Rakete: 4× Matra nevodljive rakete, vsak nosilec s 18× SNEB 68 mm raketami
    • Izstrelki:AIM-9 Sidewinder ali 2× AS-37 Martel aliSea Eagle
    • Bombe: Konvencionalne prostopadajoče in vodene bombe, taktične jedrske bombe WE.177 ali Read Beard
    • Drugo: AN/ALQ-101 ECM, AN/AVQ-23 Pave Spike laserski namerilnik, odvrgljivi rezervoarji za gorivo, sistem za "buddy" prečrpavanje goriva v zraku

Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]

Sklici in reference[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. ^ Green 1968, p. 136.
  2. ^ Chesneau 2005, p. 13.

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Bishop, Chris and Chris Chant. Aircraft Carriers: The World's Greatest Naval Vessels and Their Aircraft. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Zenith Imprint, 2004. ISBN 0-76032-005-5.
  • Boot, Roy. "Father of the Buccaneer". Aeroplane Monthly, Vol. 23, No. 3, March 1995,. pp. 24–29. ISSN 0143-7240.
  • Boot, Roy. From Spitfire to Eurofighter: 45 Years of Combat Aircraft Design. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1990. ISBN 1-85310-093-5.
  • Burns, J.G. and M. Edwards. "Blow, blow thou BLC wind". Flight International Vol. 99, No. 3227, 14 January 1971, pp. 56–59.
  • Buttler, Tony. "Strike Rivals: The ones that 'lost' when the TSR.2 'won'." Air Enthusiast, No. 59, September/October 1995, pp. 12–23.
  • Calvert, Denis J. and David Donald. "Blackburn Buccaneer". Wings of Fame, Volume 14. London: Aerospace Publishing, 1999. pp. 34–103. ISBN 1-86184-029-2. ISSN 1361-2034.
  • Caygill, Peter. "Flying the Buccaneer: Britain's Cold War Warrior." Casemate Publishers, 2008. ISBN 1-84415-669-9.
  • Chesneau, Roger. "Aeroguide 30 - Blackburn Buccaneer S Mks 1 and 2". Suffolk, UK: Ad Hoc Publications, 2005. ISBN 0-94695-840-8.
  • English, Malcolm. "Database: Blackburn (Hawker Siddeley) Buccaneer". Aeroplane, Vol. 40, No. 4, April 2012, pp. 69–86.
  • Gething, Michael J. "The Buccaneer Bows Out: Valediction for the Sky Pirate". Air International, Vol. 46, No 3, March 1994, pp. 137–144. Stamford, UK: Key Publishing. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Green, William. Aircraft Handbook. London: Macdonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd., 1964.
  • Green, William. The Observer's Book of Aircraft. London: Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd., 1968.
  • Gunston, Bill. "Buccaneer - An Outstanding Strike Aeroplane". Flight International, Vol. 83, No. 2821, 4 April 1963, pp. 467–478.
  • Hampshire, Edward. From East of Suez to the Eastern Atlantic: British Naval Policy 1964-70. Surrey, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2013. ISBN 1-40946-614-0.
  • Harding, Richard. The Royal Navy 1930-1990: Innovation and Defense. London: Routledge, 2004. ISBN 0-20333-768-9.
  • Jackson, A.J. Blackburn Aircraft since 1909. London: Putnam, 1968. ISBN 0-370-00053-6.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Jefford, C.G (ed.). "Seminar - Maritime Operations." Royal Air Force Historical Society, 2005. ISSN 1361-4231.
  • Laming, Tim. Fight's On!: Airborne with the Aggressors. Zenith Imprint, 1996. ISBN 0-76030-260-X.
  • Polmar, Norman. Aircraft Carriers: A History of Carrier Aviation and Its Influence on World Events, Volume I: 1909-1945. Herndon, Virginia: Potomac Books, 2006. ISBN 1-57488-663-0.
  • Steenkamp, Willem. Borderstrike!: South Africa Into Angola 1975-1980. Lulu.com, 2006. ISBN 1-92016-900-8.
  • Van Pelt, Michel. Rocketing Into the Future: The History and Technology of Rocket Planes. New York: Springer, 2012. ISBN 1-46143-200-6.
  • White, Rowland. Phoenix Squadron: HMS Ark Royal, Britain's Last Topguns and the Untold Story of Their Most Dramatic Mission. London: Bantam Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-59305-451-2.
  • Winchester, Jim, ed. "Blackburn Buccaneer." Military Aircraft of the Cold War (The Aviation Factfile). London: Grange Books plc, 2006. ISBN 1-84013-929-3.
  • Wynn, Humphrey. "RAF Buccaneers". Flight International, 11 February 1971, Vol. 99 No. 3231, pp. 202–207.
  • Wynn, Humphrey. The RAF Strategic Nuclear Deterrent Forces: Their Origins, Roles and Deployment, 1946-1969: a Documentary History. London: HMO, 1997. ISBN 0-11772-833-0.

Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]

Predloga:Blackburn aircraft