Douglas TBD Devastator

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TBD Devastator
Douglas TBD-1 Ameriške mornaricea leta
Vloga Torpedni bombnik
Proizvajalec/-ci Douglas Aircraft Company
Krstni polet 15. april 1935
Predstavljen 3. avgust 1937
Upokojen 1942 (iz uporabe)
1944 (povsem umaknjen)
Glavni uporabnik Ameriška mornarica
Izdelovan 1937-1939
Število izdelanih 130

Douglas TBD Devastator je bil ameriški enomotorni palubni torpedni bombnik, ki ga je uporabljala Ameriška mornarica v 2. Svetovni vojni. Prvič je poletel leta 1935, v uporabo je vstopil leta 1937. Kratek čas je bil eno izmed najbolj modernih letal, ob času japonskega napada na Pearl Harbor pa je bil že zastarel. Posebnost letala je tričlanska posadka.

V prvih bitkah je bil uspešen, v bitki pri Midwayu pa se je slabo odrezal, 41 Devastatorjev ni doseglo niti enega zadetka s torpedom. Devastator tudi ni imel veliko možnosti, ko je prišlo do letalskega dvoboja z Zeroji.

Proizvodnja je bila majhna, samo 130 letal. Devastatorja je nadomestil Grumman TBF Avenger.

XTBD-1
Prvi proizvodni TBD-1 in 1937
TBD-1A s plovci

Tehnične specifikacije (TBD-1)[uredi | uredi kodo]

Podatki iz Devastator...The Not-so-Devastating TBD-1[1]

Splošne karakteristike

  • Posadka: 3: pilot, Torpedo operatore/Navigator, Radio operater/Strojničar
  • Dolžina: 35 ft 0 in (10,67 m)
  • Razpon kril: 50 ft 0 in (15,24 m)
  • Višina: 15 ft 1 in (4,60 m)
  • Površina kril: 422 ft² (39,2 m²)
  • Teža praznega letala: 5600 lb (2540 kg)
  • Naložena teža: 9289 lb (4213 kg)
  • Maks. vzletna teža: 10194 lb (4624 kg)
  • Pogon letala: 1 × zvezdasti motor Pratt & Whitney R-1830-64 Twin Wasp, 900 KM (672 kW)

Zmogljivost

  • Maks. hitrost: 206 mph (179 vozlov, 331 km/h) at 8000 ft (2400 m)
  • Potovalna hitrost: 128 mph (111 vozlov, 206 km/h)
  • Doseg: 435 mi (700 km) (378 nmi, 700 km) z Mk XIII Torpedom, 716 mi (623 nmi, 1152 km) z 1000 lb (454 kg) bomb
  • Višina leta: 19500 ft (5945 m)
  • Hitrost vzpenjanja: 720 ft/min (3,7 m/s)

Oborožitev

Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]

VT-6 TBD spušča torpedo, oktobra 1941

Sklici in reference[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. Air International March 1990, p. 152.

Bibliografije=[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Adcock, Al. TBD Devastator in Action, Aircraft Number 97. Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications Inc., 1989. ISBN 0-89747-231-4.
  • Buell, Thomas B. The Quiet Warrior: A Biography of Admiral Raymond A. Spruance. Annapolis, MD: US Naval Institute Press, 1987. ISBN 978-0-87021-562-9.
  • Cressman, Robert B. et al. A Glorious Page in Our History: The Battle of Midway, 4–6 June 1942. Missoula, MT: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, 1990. ISBN 978-0-929521-40-4.
  • "Devastator...The Not-so-Devastating TDB-1". Air International, March 1990, Vol 38 No 2. pp. 148–156. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Dolan, Edward F. Jr. Hollywood Goes to War. London: Bison Books, 1985. ISBN 0-86124-229-7.
  • Doll, Thomas E. The Douglas TBD Devastator, Aircraft in Profile Number 171. Leatherhead, Surrey, UK: Profile Publications Ltd., 1967. No ISBN.
  • Doll, Thomas E. SB2U Vindicator in action, Aircraft Number 122. Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications Inc., 1992. ISBN 0-89747-274-8.
  • Drendel, Lou. U.S. Navy Carrier Bombers of World War II. Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications Inc., 1987. ISBN 0-89747-195-4.
  • Ginter, Steve. Douglas TBD-1 Devastator, Naval Fighters Number Seventy-one. Simi Valley, California: Ginter Publishing Company, 2006. ISBN 0-942612-71-X.
  • Gunston, Bill. The Encyclopedia of the World's Combat Aircraft: A Technical Directory of Major Warplanes from World War 1 to the Present Day. New York: Chartwell Books, Inc., 1976. ISBN 0-89009-054-8.
  • Hardwick, Jack and Ed Schnepf. "A Viewer's Guide to Aviation Movies". The Making of the Great Aviation Films, General Aviation Series, Volume 2, 1989.
  • Jackson, B.R. and Thomas E. Doll. Douglas TBD-1 "Devastator", Aero Series 23. Fallbrook, CA: Aero Publishers, 1973. ISBN 0-8168-0586-5.
  • Kinzey, Bert. U.S. Navy and Marine Aircraft of World War II, Part 1: Dive and Torpedo Bombers. Northbrook, Illinois: Revell-Monogram, LLC, 2003. ISBN 0-9709900-5-7.
  • Lawson, Robert and Barrett Tillman. U.S. Navy Dive and Torpedo Bombers of WWII. St. Paul, MN: MBI Publishing Company, 2001. ISBN 0-7603-0959-0.
  • Mondey, David. "Douglas TBD Devastator." The Hamlyn Concise Guide to American Aircraft of World War II. London: Bounty Books, 2006. ISBN 0-7537-1460-4.
  • Nowicki, Jacek. Douglas TBD Devastator - SBD Dauntless (Wydawnictwo Militaria 119) (in Polish). Warszawa, Poland: Wydawnictwo Militaria, 2000. ISBN 83-7219-074-7.
  • Orriss, Bruce. When Hollywood Ruled the Skies: The Aviation Film Classics of World War II. Hawthorne, California: Aero Associates Inc., 1984. ISBN 0-9613088-0-X.
  • Parshall, Jonathan B. and Anthony P. Tully. Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2005. ISBN 1-57488-923-0.
  • Taylor, John W.R. "Douglas TBD Devastator". Combat Aircraft of the World from 1909 to the Present. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1969. ISBN 0-425-03633-2.
  • Tillman, Barrett. "Go in and get a hit!: The Navy's last combat torpedo bombers." Airpower, Volume 3, No. 4, July 1973.
  • Tillman, Barrett. TBD Devastator Units of the U.S. Navy, Combat Aircraft Vol. 20. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2000. ISBN 1-84176-025-0.
  • Tillman, Barrett and Robert L. Lawson. U.S. Navy Dive and Torpedo Bombers of WWII. St. Paul, Minnesota: MBI Publishing Company, 2001. ISBN 0-7603-0959-0.
  • Winchester, Jim. "Douglas TBD Devastator." Aircraft of World War II (The Aviation Factfile). Kent, UK: Grange Books plc, 2004. ISBN 1-84013-639-1.

Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]