Zakon o posojilu in najemu

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Predsednik Franklin D. Roosevelt podpisuje zakon

Zakon o posojilu in najemu (angleško Lend-Lease Act[1]) je bil program pri katerem je ZDA med 2. svetovno vojno oskrbovala zaveznike Britanijo, Svobodno Francijo, Kitajsko, Sovjetsko zvezo in druge zaveznike z orožjem, orodjem, vozili, nafto in drugimi materiali. Akt so podpisali 11. marca 1941, leto in pol po začetku 2. svetovne vojne.[2]

ZDA so dobavile pomoč v vrednosti $50,1 milijarde (656 milijard v današnji dolarjih), kar je bilo 17 % ameriške vojaške porabe med vojno. 31,4 milijarde USD je dobila Britanija, 11,3 Sovjetska zveza, 3,2 Francija, 1,6 Kitajska, ostali zavezniki pa 2,6 milijarde. Kanada je imelo podoben program Billion Dollar Gift and Mutual Aid.

Ta program je efektivno končal ameriško začetno nevtralnost v drugi svetovni vojni in je zelo vplival na potek vojne.[3]

Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]

Sklici in reference[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. ^ Ebbert, Jean, Marie-Beth Hall and Edward Latimer Beach. "Crossed Currents." p. 28
  2. ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 126-7, 137, Random House, New York, NY. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4.
  3. ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 126-7, 137, Random House, New York, NY. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4.

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Allen, H.C. Britain and the United States. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1955.
  • Allen, R.G.D. "Mutual Aid between the US and the British Empire, 1941—5". Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Volume 109, No. 3, 1946, pp. 243–277, online in JSTOR
  • Black, Conrad. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Champion of Freedom. New York: Public Affairs, 2003. ISBN 1-58648-184-3.
  • Bryce, Robert B. Canada and the Cost of World War II: The International Operations of Canada's Department of Finance, 1939-1947 (2005) ch 7 on Mutual Aid
  • Buchanan, Patrick. Churchill, Hitler and the Unnecessary War. New York: Crown, 2008. ISBN 978-0-307-40515-9.
  • Campbell, Thomas M. and George C. Herring, eds. The Diaries of Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., 1943–1946. New York: Franklin Watts, Inc., 1975. ISBN 0-531-05570-1.
  • Clarke, Sir Richard. Anglo-American Economic Collaboration in War and Peace, 1942–1949. Oxford University Press, 1982. ISBN 0-19-828439-X.
  • Crowley, Leo T. "Lend Lease" in Walter Yust, ed. 10 Eventful Years, 1937 – 1946 Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1947, pp. 858–860.
  • Dawson, Raymond H. The Decision to Aid Russia, 1941: Foreign Policy and Domestic Politics. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1959.
  • Dobson, Alan P. U.S. Wartime Aid to Britain, 1940–1946. London: Croom Helm, 1986. ISBN 0-7099-0893-8.
  • Gardner, Richard N. Sterling-Dollar Diplomacy. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956.
  • Granatstein, J. L. Canada's War: The Politics of the McKenzie King Government, 1939–1945. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Firefly Books, 1990. ISBN 0-88619-356-7.
  • Hancock, G.W. and M.M. Gowing. British War Economy (1949) pp 224–48 Official British history
  • Herring Jr. George C. Aid to Russia, 1941–1946: Strategy, Diplomacy, the Origins of the Cold War. New York: Columbia University Press, 1973. ISBN 0-231-03336-2.
  • Kemp, P. Convoy: Drama in Arctic Waters. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Book Sales Inc., 2004, First edition 1993. ISBN 978-0-78581-603-4.
  • Kimball, Warren F. The Most Unsordid Act: Lend-Lease, 1939–1941. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University, 1969. ISBN 0-8018-1017-5.
  • Kindleberger, Charles P. A Financial History of Western Europe. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1984. ISBN 0-19-507738-5.
  • Langer, William L. and S. Everett Gleason. "Chapters: 8–9." The Undeclared War, 1940–1941. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1953.
  • Louis, William Roger. Imperialism at Bay: The United States and the Decolonization of the British Empire, 1941–1945. Oxford University Press, 1977. ISBN 0-19-821125-2.
  • Mackenzie, Hector. "Transatlantic Generosity: Canada's ‘Billion Dollar Gift’ to the United Kingdom in the Second World War." International History Review, Volume 24, Issue 2, 2012, pp. 293–314.
  • McNeill, William Hardy. America, Britain, and Russia: their co-operation and conflict, 1941-1946 (1953), pp 772–90
  • Milward, Alan S. War, Economy and Society. Harmondsworth: Pelican, 1977. ISBN 0-14-022682-6.
  • Neiberg, Michael S. Warfare and Society in Europe: 1898 to the Present. London: Psychology Press, 2004. pp. 118–119. ISBN 978-0-415-32719-0.
  • Reynolds, David. The Creation of the Anglo-American Alliance 1937–1941: A Study on Competitive Cooperation. London: Europa, 1981. ISBN 0-905118-68-5.
  • Romanus, Charles F. and Riley Sunderland. Stilwell's Mission to China. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, Dept. of the Army, 1953.
  • Sayers, R.S. Financial Policy, 1939–45. London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1956.
  • Schama, Simon. A History of Britain, Vol. III. New York: Hyperion, 2002. ISBN 978-0-7868-6899-5.
  • Sherwood, Robert E. Roosevelt and Hopkins: An Intimate History. New York: Enigma Books, 2008, First edition 1948 (1949 Pulitzer Prize winner). ISBN 978-1-929631-49-0.
  • Stacey, C.P. Arms, Men and Governments: The War Policies of Canada 1939–1945. Ottawa, Canada: The Queen's Printer for Canada, 1970. ISBN ISBN 0-8020-6560-0.
  • Taylor, A. J. P. Beaverbrook. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1972. ISBN 0-671-21376-8.
  • Thorne, Christopher. Allies of a Kind: The United States, Britain and the War Against Japan, 1941–1945. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1978. ISBN 0-19-520173-6.
  • Twenty-first Report to Congress on Lend-Lease Operations, p. 25.
  • Weeks, Albert L. Russia's Life-Saver: Lend-Lease Aid to the U.S.S.R. in World War II. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2004. ISBN 978-0-7391-0736-2.
  • Weiss, Stuart L. The President's Man: Leo Crowley and Franklin Roosevelt in Peace and War. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press, 1996. ISBN 0-8093-1996-9.
  • Woods, Randall Bennett. A Changing of the Guard: Anglo-American Relations, 1941–1946. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1990. ISBN 0-8078-1877-1.

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