Zlata medalja Kraljeve astronomske družbe

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Zlata medalja Kraljeve astronomske družbe
Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society
Asaph Hall Gold Medal.jpg
Zlata medalja podeljena Asaphu Hallu leta 1879
Podeljeno za dosežke na področju geofizike, solarne fizike, solarno-zemeljske fizike, planetarne znanosti, astronomije, kozmologije, fizike vesoljskih delcev in kozmokemije
Podeljuje Kraljeva astronomska družba
Država Zastava Velike Britanije Združeno kraljestvo
Prvič podeljeno 1824
Zadnjič podeljeno 2017
Uradna spletna stran

Zlata medalja Kraljeve astronomske družbe (izvirno angleško Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society) je najvišja znanstvena nagrada, ki jo podeljuje Kraljeva astronomska družba (RAS) iz Londona.

Zgodovina[uredi | uredi kodo]

V začetku so podeljevali več kot eno medaljo na leto. Od leta 1833 podeljujejo le eno medaljo na leto. To je pri odkritju planeta Neptun leta 1846 povzročilo težave, ker so mnogi menili, da bi morali medaljo podeliti Adamsu in Le Verrieru. Tako leta 1847 niso podelili nobene medalje.

Prejemniki[uredi | uredi kodo]

Medaljo so dvakrat prejeli: Airy, Baily, Bessel, Encke, Hansen, John Herschel, Huggins, Le Verrier, Pickering.

leto slika astronomija geofizika opombe sklici
2017   Kaiser, NickNick Kaiser [1]
Micheledougherty ras 10apr2015.jpg Dougherty, MicheleMichele Dougherty
2016   Barrow, John DavidJohn David Barrow [2]
  England, PhilipPhilip England
2015 Michel Mayor astrophysicien.JPG Mayor, MichelMichel Mayor [3]
Handchair2.JPG Lockwood, MichaelMichael Lockwood
2014 Carlos Frenk at NAM 2012 1.jpg Frenk, CarlosCarlos Frenk [4][5]
Johnzarnecki ras meeting 11dec2015.jpg Zarnecki, JohnJohn Zarnecki
2013   Blandford, RogerRoger Blandford [4][6]
  Chapman, ChrisChris Chapman
2012   Fabian, AndrewAndrew Fabian [4][7]
John Campbell Brown.jpg Brown, John CampbellJohn Campbell Brown
2011 Richard Ellis-49 copy.jpg Ellis, Richard SalisburyRichard Salisbury Ellis [4][8]
  Grün, EberhardEberhard Grün
2010   Gough, DouglasDouglas Gough [4][9]
  Woodhouse, JohnJohn Woodhouse
2009   Williams, David A.David A. Williams [4][10]
  Priest, EricEric Priest
2008 Joseph Silk.jpg Silk, JosephJoseph Silk [4]
  Kennett, BrianBrian Kennett
2007   Culhane, LeonardLeonard Culhane [4]
  Weiss, Nigel OscarNigel Oscar Weiss
2006 Simon White at RAS NAM 2012.jpg White, Simon David MantonSimon David Manton White [4]
  Cowley, StanStan Cowley
2005 Margaret burbidge.jpg Burbidge, Eleanor Margaret PeacheyEleanor Margaret Peachey Burbidge [a] [4]
  Burbidge, Geoffrey RonaldGeoffrey Ronald Burbidge
  Jordan, CaroleCarole Jordan
2004   Ostriker, Jeremiah PaulJeremiah Paul Ostriker [4]
  Turner, GrenvilleGrenville Turner
2003 John Bahcall.jpg Bahcall, John NorrisJohn Norris Bahcall [4]
  Gubbins, DavidDavid Gubbins
2002   Mestel, LeonLeon Mestel [4]
  Jacobs, John ArthurJohn Arthur Jacobs
2001   Bondi, HermannHermann Bondi [4]
  Rishbeth, HenryHenry Rishbeth
2000   Lucy, LeonLeon Lucy [4][11]
  Hutchison, RobertRobert Hutchison
1999 Bohdan Paczyński.jpg Paczyński, BohdanBohdan Paczyński [4]
  Budden, KennethKenneth Budden
1998 Jim Peebles.jpg Peebles, Philip James EdwinPhilip James Edwin Peebles [4]
  Parker, Robert LadislavRobert Ladislav Parker
1997   Osterbrock, Donald EdwardDonald Edward Osterbrock [4]
  Farley, DonaldDonald Farley
1996 Vera Rubin.jpg Rubin, Vera CooperVera Cooper Rubin [b] [4]
  Creer, KennethKenneth Creer
1995 Sunyaev.jpg Sjunjajev, Rašid AlijevičRašid Alijevič Sjunjajev [4]
John Houghton High Wycombe 20050226.jpg Houghton, John TheodoreJohn Theodore Houghton
1994 JamesEGunn2000.jpg Gunn, James EdwardJames Edward Gunn [4]
  Kaiser, Thomas R.Thomas R. Kaiser
1993   Lynden-Bell, DonaldDonald Lynden-Bell [4]
PeterGoldreich1980.jpg Goldreich, PeterPeter Goldreich
1992 Prof. Eugene Parker from University of Chicago.jpg Parker, Eugene NewmanEugene Newman Parker [4]
  McKenzie, Dan PeterDan Peter McKenzie
1991 Ginzburg in MSU opaque.jpg Ginzburg, Vitalij LazarevičVitalij Lazarevič Ginzburg [4]
  Wasserburg, Gerald JosephGerald Joseph Wasserburg
1990   Pagel, Bernard Ephraim JuliusBernard Ephraim Julius Pagel [4]
  Dungey, James W.James W. Dungey
1989   Pounds, Kenneth AlwyneKenneth Alwyne Pounds [4]
  Hide, RaymondRaymond Hide
1988 Kees-de-jager-1967.jpg Jager, Cornelis deCornelis de Jager [4]
Don L. Anderson portrait photo.jpg Anderson, Don LynnDon Lynn Anderson
1987 Martin Rees-6Nov2005.jpg Rees, Martin JohnMartin John Rees [4]
  Nagata, TakešiTakeši Nagata
1986 Alex Dalgarno at Harvard.jpg Dalgarno, AlexanderAlexander Dalgarno [4]
  Backus, George EdwardGeorge Edward Backus
1985 Stephen Hawking.StarChild.jpg Hawking, StephenStephen Hawking [4]
  Gold, ThomasThomas Gold
1984 RUSMARKA-1827 Cropped.jpg Zeldovič, Jakov BorisovičJakov Borisovič Zeldovič [4]
  Runcorn, Stanley KeithStanley Keith Runcorn
1983   Seaton, Michael JohnMichael John Seaton [4]
Fred Whipple 1927.jpg Whipple, Fred LawrenceFred Lawrence Whipple
1982 RiccardoGiacconi.jpg Giacconi, RiccardoRiccardo Giacconi [4]
  Massey, Harrie Stewart WilsonHarrie Stewart Wilson Massey
1981 BernardLovell.jpg Lovell, BernardBernard Lovell [4]
Grandad.png Gilbert, James FreemanJames Freeman Gilbert
1980   Schmidt, MaartenMaarten Schmidt [4]
  Pekeris, Chaim LeibChaim Leib Pekeris
1979   Wynne, Charles GorrieCharles Gorrie Wynne [4]
  Knopoff, LeonLeon Knopoff
1978 Lyman Spitzer.jpg Spitzer, Lyman StrongLyman Strong Spitzer [4]
James van Allen.jpg Van Allen, JamesJames Van Allen
1977   Bolton, John GatenbyJohn Gatenby Bolton [4]
  Bates, David RobertDavid Robert Bates
1976   McCrea, William HunterWilliam Hunter McCrea [4]
  Ratcliffe, John AshworthJohn Ashworth Ratcliffe
1975   Greenstein, Jesse LeonardJesse Leonard Greenstein [4]
ErnstJuliusOpik.jpg Öpik, Ernst JuliusErnst Julius Öpik
1974   Biermann, Ludwig Franz BenedictLudwig Franz Benedict Biermann [4]
  Bullen, Keith EdwardKeith Edward Bullen
1973   Salpeter, Edwin ErnestEdwin Ernest Salpeter [4]
Albert Francis Birch00.jpg Birch, Alfred FrancisAlfred Francis Birch
1972 Zwicky2.jpg Zwicky, FritzFritz Zwicky [4]
  Thirlaway, HalHal Thirlaway
1971   Riet Woolley, Richard van derRichard van der Riet Woolley [4]
Frank Press Jerusalem1953.jpg Press, FrankFrank Press
1970   Babcock, Horace WelcomeHorace Welcome Babcock [4]
1969 Martin Schwarzschild photo.jpg Schwarzschild, MartinMartin Schwarzschild [4]
  Price, Albert ThomasAlbert Thomas Price
1968 Institute of Astronomy, statue of Sir Fred Hoyle - geograph.org.uk - 372582.jpg Hoyle, FredFred Hoyle [4]
Crafoordprize 2010-10.jpg Munk, Walter HeinrichWalter Heinrich Munk
1967   Sandage, Allan RexAllan Rex Sandage [4]
YoungAlfven.jpg Alfvén, Hannes Olof GöstaHannes Olof Gösta Alfvén
1966   Bowen, Ira SpragueIra Sprague Bowen [4]
Urey.jpg Urey, Harold ClaytonHarold Clayton Urey
1965   Clemence, Gerald MauriceGerald Maurice Clemence [4]
  Bullard, Edward CrispEdward Crisp Bullard
1964   Ryle, MartinMartin Ryle [4]
S72-54999.jpg Ewing, MauriceMaurice Ewing
1963   Plaskett, Harry HemleyHarry Hemley Plaskett [4]
1962 Bengt Strömgren NYWTS.jpg Strömgren, BengtBengt Strömgren [4]
1961   Zanstra, HermanHerman Zanstra [4]
1960 Վիկտոր Համբարձումյան դրոշմանիշ.jpg Ambarcumjan, Viktor AmazaspovičViktor Amazaspovič Ambarcumjan [4]
1959   Lyttleton, Raymond ArthurRaymond Arthur Lyttleton [4]
1958   Danjon, André-LouisAndré-Louis Danjon [4]
1957   Unsöld, Albrecht Otto JohannesAlbrecht Otto Johannes Unsöld [4]
1956   Cowling, Thomas GeorgeThomas George Cowling [4]
1955   Brouwer, DirkDirk Brouwer [4]
1954 Gedenktafel Walter Baade (1893-1960).jpg Baade, WalterWalter Baade [4]
1953 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Exhibition - Science City - Kolkata 2011-01-07a.jpg Chandrasekhar, SubrahmanyanSubrahmanyan Chandrasekhar [4]
1952 JohnJackson(astronomer).jpg Jackson, JohnJohn Jackson [4]
1951 Panne.gif Pannekoek, AntonieAntonie Pannekoek [4]
1950   Stebbins, JoelJoel Stebbins [4]
1949 Sydney Chapman.jpg Chapman, SydneySydney Chapman [4]
1948   Lindblad, BertilBertil Lindblad [4]
1947 Marcel Minnaert.jpg Minnaert, Marcel Gilles JozefMarcel Gilles Jozef Minnaert [4]
1946 JanOort.jpg Oort, Jan HendrikJan Hendrik Oort [4]
1945 Bengt Edlén (cropped).jpg Edlén, BengtBengt Edlén [4]
1944 Otto Struve US post 1949crop.JPG Struve, OttoOtto Struve [4]
1943   Spencer Jones, HaroldHarold Spencer Jones [4]
1942 ni bila podeljena
1941 ni bila podeljena
1940 Edwin-hubble.jpg Hubble, Edwin PowellEdwin Powell Hubble [4]
1939   Lyot, Bernard FerdinandBernard Ferdinand Lyot [4]
1938   Wright, William HammondWilliam Hammond Wright [4]
1937   Jeffreys, HaroldHarold Jeffreys [4]
1936 Dr. Kimura Hisashi.jpg Kimura, HisašiHisaši Kimura [4]
1935 Edward Arthur Milne-(1917).jpg Milne, Edward ArthurEdward Arthur Milne [4]
1934 HarlowShapely-crop.jpeg Shapley, HarlowHarlow Shapley [4]
1933 V.M. Slipher.gif Slipher, Vesto MelvinVesto Melvin Slipher [4]
1932 Robertgrantaitken.jpg Aitken, Robert GrantRobert Grant Aitken [4]
1931 DeSitter.jpg Sitter, Willem deWillem de Sitter [4]
1930 JohnStanleyPlaskett.jpg Plaskett, John StanleyJohn Stanley Plaskett [4]
1929 Karl Schwarzschild and Ejnar Hertzsprung (1909).jpg Hertzsprung, EjnarEjnar Hertzsprung [4]
1928 Ralph Allan Sampson.jpg Sampson, Ralph AllenRalph Allen Sampson [4]
1927   Schlesinger, FrankFrank Schlesinger [4]
1926 Albert Einstein Head.jpg Einstein, AlbertAlbert Einstein [4]
1925 Frank Watson Dyson.jpg Dyson, Frank WatsonFrank Watson Dyson [4]
1924 Arthur Stanley Eddington.jpg Eddington, Arthur StanleyArthur Stanley Eddington [4]
1923 Albert Abraham Michelson2.jpg Michelson, Albert AbrahamAlbert Abraham Michelson [4]
1922 James Hopwood Jeans.jpg Jeans, James HopwoodJames Hopwood Jeans [4]
1921 Portrait of Henry Norris Russell.jpg Russell, Henry NorrisHenry Norris Russell [4]
1920 ni bila podeljena
1919 GBigourdan.jpg Bigourdan, Camille GuillaumeCamille Guillaume Bigourdan [4]
1918   Evershed, JohnJohn Evershed [4]
1917 Walter Sydney Adams.jpg Adams, Walter SydneyWalter Sydney Adams [4]
1916 John Dreyer.gif Dreyer, JohnJohn Dreyer [4]
1915 Alfred Fowler.jpg Fowler, AlfredAlfred Fowler [4]
1914 Max Wolf.jpg Wolf, Max Franz Joseph CorneliusMax Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf [4]
1913 Anri deslandres.jpg Deslandres, Henri-AlexandreHenri-Alexandre Deslandres [4]
1912   Hinks, Arthur RobertArthur Robert Hinks [4]
1911   Cowell, Philip HerbertPhilip Herbert Cowell [4]
1910 Karl Friedrich Küstner by Faßbender.jpg Küstner, Karl FriedrichKarl Friedrich Küstner [4]
1909 Oskar Backlund.jpg Backlund, Johan OskarJohan Oskar Backlund [4]
1908 David Gill.jpg Gill, DavidDavid Gill [4]
1907 PSM V76 D207 Ernest William Brown.png Brown, Ernest WilliamErnest William Brown [4]
1906 Campbell William Wallace.jpg Campbell, William WallaceWilliam Wallace Campbell [4]
1905 PSM V81 D625 Lewis Boss.png Boss, LewisLewis Boss [4]
1904 Portrait of George Ellery Hale.jpg Hale, George ElleryGeorge Ellery Hale [4]
1903 Karl Hermann Struve.jpg Struve, Karl HermannKarl Hermann Struve [4]
1902 Jacobus Kapteyn.jpg Kapteyn, Jacobus CorneliusJacobus Cornelius Kapteyn [4]
1901 Edward Charles Pickering 1880s.jpg Pickering, Edward CharlesEdward Charles Pickering [4]
1900 Henri Poincaré-2.jpg Poincaré, HenriHenri Poincaré [4]
1899   McClean, FrankFrank McClean [4]
1898 William Frederick Denning - Punch cartoon - Project Gutenberg eText 14592.png Denning, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Denning [4]
1897 EdwardEmersonBarnard.jpg Barnard, Edward EmersonEdward Emerson Barnard [4]
1896 Seth Carlo Chandler.png Chandler, Seth CarloSeth Carlo Chandler [4]
1895 Isaac Roberts.png Roberts, IsaacIsaac Roberts [4]
1894 Sherbourne Wesley Burnham.jpg Burnham, Sherburne WesleySherburne Wesley Burnham [4]
1893 Vogel Hermann Carl.jpg Vogel, Hermann CarlHermann Carl Vogel [4]
1892 George Darwin sepia tone.jpg Darwin, George HowardGeorge Howard Darwin [4]
1891 ni bila podeljena
1890 ni bila podeljena
1889   Loewy, MauriceMaurice Loewy [4]
1888 Arthur Auwers 1884 Theodor Prumm Prumm Theodor btv1b8452873q (cropped).jpg Auwers, Arthur Georg Friedrich Julius vonArthur Georg Friedrich Julius von Auwers [4]
1887 Hill1905.jpg Hill, George WilliamGeorge William Hill [4]
1886 Edward Charles Pickering 1880s.jpg Pickering, Edward CharlesEdward Charles Pickering [4]
  Pritchard, CharlesCharles Pritchard
1885 Sir William Huggins by John Collier.jpg Huggins, WilliamWilliam Huggins [4]
1884 Common Andrew Ainslie.jpg Common, Andrew AinslieAndrew Ainslie Common [4]
1883 Benjamin Apthorp Gould (Harper's Engraving).jpg Gould, Benjamin ApthorpBenjamin Apthorp Gould [4]
1882 David Gill.jpg Gill, DavidDavid Gill [4]
1881 Möller, Axel av Sven Anderson 1893 (ur Astronomien i Lund 1667-1936).jpg Möller, AxelAxel Möller [4]
1880 ni bila podeljena
1879 Professor Asaph Hall.jpg Hall, AsaphAsaph Hall [4]
1878   Dembowski, ErcoleErcole Dembowski [4]
1877 ni bila podeljena
1876 Urbain Le Verrier.jpg Le Verrier, Urbain-Jean JosephUrbain-Jean Joseph Le Verrier [4]
1875 Heinrich Louis d'Arrest.jpg d'Arrest, Heinrich LouisHeinrich Louis d'Arrest [4]
1874 Simon Newcomb 01.jpg Newcomb, SimonSimon Newcomb [4]
1873 ni bila podeljena
1872 Giovanni Schiaparelli 1890s.jpg Schiaparelli, Giovanni VirginioGiovanni Virginio Schiaparelli [4]
1871 ni bila podeljena
1870 Charles Eugene Delaunay.jpeg Delaunay, Charles-EugèneCharles-Eugène Delaunay [4]
1869   Stone, Edward JamesEdward James Stone [4]
1868 Urbain Le Verrier.jpg Le Verrier, Urbain-Jean JosephUrbain-Jean Joseph Le Verrier [4]
1867 Sir William Huggins by John Collier.jpg Huggins, WilliamWilliam Huggins [4]
Miller William Allen.jpg Miller, William AllenWilliam Allen Miller
1866 John Couch Adams 1870s.jpg Adams, John CouchJohn Couch Adams [4]
1865   Bond, George PhillipsGeorge Phillips Bond [4]
1864 ni bila podeljena
1863 Friedrich Wilhelm August Argelander 1852.jpg Argelander, Friedrich Wilhelm AugustFriedrich Wilhelm August Argelander [4]
1862 Warren de la Rue.jpg de la Rue, WarrenWarren de la Rue [4]
1861   Goldschmidt, Hermann Mayer SalomonHermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt [4]
1860 P.A.Hansen.jpg Hansen, Peter AndreasPeter Andreas Hansen [4]
1859   Carrington, Richard ChristopherRichard Christopher Carrington [4]
1858   Main, RobertRobert Main [4]
1857   Schwabe, HeinrichHeinrich Schwabe [4]
1856   Grant, RobertRobert Grant [4]
1855 Dawes William Rutter.jpg Dawes, William RutterWilliam Rutter Dawes [4]
1854 Charles ruemker.gif Rümker, Karl Ludwig ChristianKarl Ludwig Christian Rümker [4]
1853 John Russell Hind - 1.jpg Hind, John RussellJohn Russell Hind [4]
1852 Peters Christian August Friedrich.jpg Peters, Christian August FriedrichChristian August Friedrich Peters [4]
1851 Annibale De Gasparis.gif Gasparis, Annibale deAnnibale de Gasparis [4]
1850 Otto Willhelm Struve.jpg Struve, Otto VasiljevičOtto Vasiljevič Struve [4]
1849 William Lassell.jpg Lassell, WilliamWilliam Lassell [4]
1848 ni bila podeljena, nadomestila jo je častna medalja [c] [4]
1847 ni bila podeljena
1846 George Biddell Airy 1891.jpg Airy, George BiddellGeorge Biddell Airy [4]
1845 W H Smyth.jpg Smyth, William HenryWilliam Henry Smyth [4]
1844 ni bila podeljena
1843 Francis Baily (The Royal Astronomical Society).jpg Baily, FrancisFrancis Baily [4]
1842 PAHansen.jpg Hansen, Peter AndreasPeter Andreas Hansen [4]
1841 Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel.jpeg Bessel, Friedrich WilhelmFriedrich Wilhelm Bessel [4]
1840 Giovanni Plana.jpg Plana, Giovanni Antonio AmedeoGiovanni Antonio Amedeo Plana [4]
1839 John Wrottesley ca1866.jpg Wrottesley, JohnJohn Wrottesley [4]
1838 ni bila podeljena
1837 Otto August Rosenberger.jpg Rosenberger, Otto AugustOtto August Rosenberger [4]
1836 Julia Margaret Cameron - John Herschel (Metropolitan Museum of Art copy, restored).jpg Herschel, John Frederick WilliamJohn Frederick William Herschel [4]
1835   Johnson, Manuel JohnManuel John Johnson [4]
1834 ni bila podeljena
1833 George Biddell Airy 1891.jpg Airy, George BiddellGeorge Biddell Airy [4]
1832 ni bila podeljena
1831   Damoiseau, Marie-CharlesMarie-Charles Damoiseau [4]
Henry Kater00.jpg Kater, HenryHenry Kater
1830 Johann Franz Encke.jpg Encke, Johann FranzJohann Franz Encke [4]
  Richardson, WilliamWilliam Richardson
1829 Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel.jpeg Bessel, Friedrich WilhelmFriedrich Wilhelm Bessel [4]
  Pearson, WilliamWilliam Pearson
Heinrich Christian Schumacher.jpg Schumacher, Heinrich ChristianHeinrich Christian Schumacher
1828 Thomasbrisbane.jpg Brisbane, Thomas MakdougallThomas Makdougall Brisbane [4]
James Dunlop, ca. 1843 oil portrait by Joseph Backler a2448001h.jpg Dunlop, JamesJames Dunlop
Caroline Lucretia Herschel.jpg Herschel, CarolineCaroline Herschel [b]
1827 Francis Baily (The Royal Astronomical Society).jpg Baily, FrancisFrancis Baily [d] [4]
1826 Julia Margaret Cameron - John Herschel (Metropolitan Museum of Art copy, restored).jpg Herschel, John Frederick WilliamJohn Frederick William Herschel [4]
  South, JamesJames South
Struve.jpg Struve, Friedrich Georg WilhelmFriedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve
1825 ni bila podeljena
1824 Charles Babbage - 1860.jpg Babbage, CharlesCharles Babbage [e] [4]
Johann Franz Encke.jpg Encke, Johann FranzJohann Franz Encke


Občasne nagrade[uredi | uredi kodo]

Srebrna medalja[uredi | uredi kodo]

Dvakrat so podelili tudi srebrno medaljo.

Častna medalja 1848[uredi | uredi kodo]

Opombe[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. ^ Margaret in Geoffrey Burbidge sta skupaj prejela nagrado prvič po letu 1886.
  2. ^ 2,0 2,1 Prva ženska, ki je prejela zlato medaljo, je bila Caroline Herschel leta 1828. Naslednja je bila Vera Cooper Rubin leta 1996.
  3. ^ Nadomestila jo je častna medalja. Prejeli so jo: John Couch Adams, George Biddell Airy, Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander, George Bishop, George Everest, Peter Andreas Hansen, Karl Ludwig Hencke, John Frederick William Herschel, John Russell Hind, Urbain-Jean Joseph Le Verrier, John William Lubbock in Maxmilian Weisse
  4. ^ Srebrna medalja: Mark Beaufoy, William Samuel Stratford
  5. ^ Srebrna medalja: Jean-Louis Pons, Charles Rümker

Sklici[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. ^ "RAS honours leading astronomers and geophysicists" (angleščina). RAS. 2017-01-11. Pridobljeno dne 2017-01-17. 
  2. ^ "RAS honours leading astronomers and geophysicist" (angleščina). RAS. 2015-01-08. Pridobljeno dne 2015-01-09. 
  3. ^ "Winners of the 2015 awards, medals and prizes - full details" (angleščina). 2015-01-09. Pridobljeno dne 2015-01-09. 
  4. ^ 4,000 4,001 4,002 4,003 4,004 4,005 4,006 4,007 4,008 4,009 4,010 4,011 4,012 4,013 4,014 4,015 4,016 4,017 4,018 4,019 4,020 4,021 4,022 4,023 4,024 4,025 4,026 4,027 4,028 4,029 4,030 4,031 4,032 4,033 4,034 4,035 4,036 4,037 4,038 4,039 4,040 4,041 4,042 4,043 4,044 4,045 4,046 4,047 4,048 4,049 4,050 4,051 4,052 4,053 4,054 4,055 4,056 4,057 4,058 4,059 4,060 4,061 4,062 4,063 4,064 4,065 4,066 4,067 4,068 4,069 4,070 4,071 4,072 4,073 4,074 4,075 4,076 4,077 4,078 4,079 4,080 4,081 4,082 4,083 4,084 4,085 4,086 4,087 4,088 4,089 4,090 4,091 4,092 4,093 4,094 4,095 4,096 4,097 4,098 4,099 4,100 4,101 4,102 4,103 4,104 4,105 4,106 4,107 4,108 4,109 4,110 4,111 4,112 4,113 4,114 4,115 4,116 4,117 4,118 4,119 4,120 4,121 4,122 4,123 4,124 4,125 4,126 4,127 4,128 4,129 4,130 4,131 4,132 4,133 4,134 4,135 4,136 4,137 4,138 4,139 4,140 4,141 4,142 4,143 4,144 4,145 4,146 4,147 4,148 4,149 4,150 4,151 4,152 4,153 4,154 4,155 4,156 4,157 4,158 4,159 4,160 4,161 4,162 4,163 4,164 4,165 4,166 4,167 4,168 4,169 4,170 4,171 4,172 4,173 4,174 "Gold Medal Winners" (PDF) (angleščina). RAS. 2014. Pridobljeno dne 2015-01-09. 
    "Winners of the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society". RAS. 2012. Pridobljeno dne 2015-01-09. 
  5. ^ "2014 winners of the RAS awards, medals and prizes" (angleščina). RAS. 2014-01-10. Pridobljeno dne 2014-01-21. 
  6. ^ "2013 winners of the RAS awards, medals and prizes" (angleščina). RAS. 2013-01-10. Pridobljeno dne 2013-01-12. 
  7. ^ "RAS honours leading astronomers and geophysicists" (angleščina). RAS. 2012-12-05. Pridobljeno dne 2012-02-17. 
  8. ^ "RAS honours outstanding astronomers and geophysicists" (angleščina). RAS. 2011-01-19. Pridobljeno dne 2013-01-10. 
  9. ^ "RAS Honours Outstanding Astronomers and Geophysicists" (angleščina). RAS. Pridobljeno dne 2011-03-25. 
  10. ^ "RAS meeting and Community Forum - JENAM 2009" (angleščina). Arhivirano iz prvotnega spletišča dne 2009-02-17. Pridobljeno dne 2009-04-23. 
  11. ^ "News: Appointments and awards". Astronomy & Geophysics 41 (4): 7. 2000. Bibcode:2000A&G....41d...7.. doi:10.1046/j.1468-4004.2000.00404-9.x. 

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Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]