Limes Arabicus

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Limes Arabicus (dobesedno slovensko Arabski zid; tudi Limes Orientalis) je bila okoli 1.500 km dolg fortifikacijski sistem (limes) Rimskega imperija, ki je potekal od severne Sirije do južne Palestine (tu je bil poimenovan tudi Limes Palestiniae).

Sam limes je bil zgrajen zaradi sirske vstaje in je predstavljal sto let trajajočo mejo rimske province Syria proti vzhodu. Vzhodno od limesa so živeli beduini, ki so bili sovražni do Rimljanov. Limes je tako predstavljal obrambo pred napadi puščavskih ljudstev in je tudi začrtal mejo, do koder se je Rimsko cesarstvo razširilo. Danes je večina limesa v ruševinah.

Literatura[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Gichon, Mordechai (1991). "When And Why Did The Romans Commence The Defence of Southern Palestine". V Maxfield, V.A.; Dobson, M. J. Roman Frontier Studies 1989 – Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies. Exeter: University of Exeter Press. str. 318–325. 
  • Graf, D. The Via Militaris and the Limes Arabicus in "Roman Frontier Studies 1995": Proceedings of the XVIth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies, ed. W. Groenman-van Waateringe, B. L. van Beek, W. J. H. Willems, and S. L. Wynia. Oxbow Monograph 91. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  • Gregory, Shelagh, Kennedy, David and Stein, Aurel, Sir Aurel Stein's Limes Report: Part 1 & 2 (British Archaeological Reports (BAR), 1985)
  • Gregory, S. Was There an Eastern Origin for the Design of Late Roman Fortifications?: Some Problems for Research on Forts of Rome's Eastern Frontier in "The Roman Army in the East", ed. D. L. Kennedy. Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplementary Series, 18. Ann Arbor, MI: Journal of Roman Archaeology.
  • Isaac, B. The Limits of Empire: The Roman Army in the East Clarendon Press. Oxford, 1990.
  • Parker, S.T. (1986). Romans and Saracens: A History of the Arabian Frontier. American Schools of Oriental Research. 
  • Parker, S. The Roman Frontier in Central Jordan Interim Report on the Limes Arabicus Project, 1980–1985. BAR International Series, 340. British Archaeological Reports. Oxford, 1987
  • Young, Gary K. Rome's Eastern Trade: International commerce and imperial policy, 31 BC – AD 305 Routledge. London, 2001
  • Welsby, D. Qasr al-Uwainid and Da'ajaniya: Two Roman Military Sites in Jordan Levant 30: 195–8. Oxford, 1990

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