Politična desnica

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V politiki, termin Desnica, desno krilo in desničarji se v splošnem nanaša na podporo za hierarhično družbo, ki temelji na podpori za naravno pravo ali tradicijo.[1][2][3][4][5] Na različne načine desnica zavrača egalitarne cilje levičarske politike, ker trdi, da je uvedba enakosti v škodo družbe.[6] Izraz desnica in levica so skovali v času francoske revolucije, ki se nanašajo na ureditev sedežev v parlamentu; tisti na desni so podpirali ohranjanje institucij antičnega režima (monarhijo, aristokracijo in državno cerkev).[7][8][9][10] Uporaba izraza "Desnica", je postala bolj vidna po drugi obnovi francoske monarhije v letu 1815 z Ultra-rojalisti.[11] Desničarska politika je bolj ohlapno opredeljen izraz napram levičarski politiki, saj je v veliki meri razvila kot odziv na svoje levičarske nasprotnike.[12] V preteklosti je bila desnica večinoma sestavljena iz tradicionalinih konservativcev in pa reakcionistov, vendar danes vključuje liberalne konservativce, klasične liberalce in pa krščanske demokrate tako kot nekatere nacionaliste.[10]

Sklici in opombe[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. ^ T. Alexander Smith, Raymond Tatalovich. Cultures at war: moral conflicts in western democracies. Toronto, Canada: Broadview Press, Ltd, 2003. Pp 30. "That viewpoint is held by contemporary sociologists, for whom 'right-wing movements' are conceptualized as 'social movements whose stated goals are to maintain structures of order, status, honor, or traditional social differences or values' as compared to left-wing movements which seek 'greater equality or political participation.' In other words, the sociological perspective sees preservationist politics as a right-wing attempt to defend privilege within the social hierarchy.
  2. ^ Left and right: the significance of a political distinction, Norberto Bobbio and Allan Cameron, pg. 37, University of Chicago Press, 1997.
  3. ^ Seymour Martin Lipset, cited in Fuchs, D., and Klingemann, H. 1990. The left-right schema. Pp.203–34 in Continuities in Political Action: A Longitudinal Study of Political Orientations in Three Western Democracies, ed.M.Jennings et al. Berlin:de Gruyter
  4. ^ Lukes, Steven. 'Epilogue: The Grand Dichotomy of the Twentieth Century': concluding chapter to T. Ball and R. Bellamy (eds.), The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century Political Thought. Pp.610–612
  5. ^ Clark, William. Capitalism, not Globalism. University of Michigan Press, 2003. ISBN 0-472-11293-7, 9780472112937
  6. ^ Left and right: the significance of a political distinction, Norberto Bobbio and Allan Cameron, pg. 68, University of Chicago Press, 1997.
  7. ^ The Architecture of Parliaments: Legislative Houses and Political Culture Charles T. Goodsell British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Jul., 1988), pp. 287–302
  8. ^ Gerhard Linski, Current Issues and Research in Macrosociology, Brill Archive, 1984, pg; 59
  9. ^ Barry Clark, Political Economy: A Comparative Approach, Praeger Paperback, 1998, pgs; 33–34.
  10. ^ 10,0 10,1 Andrew Knapp and Vincent Wright (2006). The Government and Politics of France. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-35732-6. 
  11. ^ Realms of memory: conflicts and divisions (1996), ed. Pierre Nora, "Right and Left" by Marcel Gauchet, p. 247-8
  12. ^ Roger Eatwell, Noël O'Sullivan The Nature of the right: American and European politics and political thought since 1789, Twayne Publishers, 1990.