Predloga:Infopolje Potres/dok

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For presenting the key data of an earthquake in a consistent, standardized format.

Usage[uredi kodo]

{{Infopolje Potres
 | name        = 
 | image       = <!-- file name only -->
 | alt         = 
 | caption     = 
 | map         = <!-- file name only -->
 | map_alt     = 
 | map_caption =
 | pushpin_map = <!-- as per Template:Location map -->
 | map2        = <!-- as per Template:Location map+ -->
 | pre-1900    = <!-- Set to 'yes' if before 1900-01-01. Relaxes timestamp format -->
 | timestamp   = <!-- UTC date/time ("origin time") in yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:[ss] format -->
 | isc-event   = <!-- ISC event id, or "n/a". SEE BELOW -->
 | anss-url    = <!-- Url (or fragment) of USGS-ANSS event page, or "n/a". SEE BELOW. -->
 | local-date  = <!-- Local date of area most affected: '{{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}}' -->
 | local-time  = <!-- From newspapers? Include timezone -->
 | date        = <!-- *Deprecated*. Use 'local-date' -->
 | time        = <!-- *Deprecated*. Use 'local-time' -->
 | origintime  = <!-- *Deprecated*. Use 'timestamp' -->
 | duration    =
 | magnitude   = <!-- 'N.N {{M|?|link=y}}'. Get proper code from source. See below. -->
 | depth       = <!-- '{{convert|NNN|km|mi|0|abbr=on}}' -->
 | location    = <!-- '{{coord|XXXXX|region:XX_type:event|display=inline,title}}' -->
 | fault       = 
 | type        =
 | affected    = 
 | damages     = <!-- cost/extent of property damage -->
 | intensity   =
 | pga         = <!-- NN ''[[Peak ground acceleration|g]]'' -->
 | pgv         = <!-- NN cm/s -->
 | tsunami     = 
 | landslide   =
 | foreshocks  =
 | aftershocks =
 | casualties  =
 | engvar      = <!-- follow article: =en-UK will show 'Epicentre' -->
 | citations    =
}}

Examples[uredi kodo]

2007 Peru earthquake
Picture showing earthquake damage.
Piles of rubble, one week after the shock
Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake.
Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake. Star marks epicenter.
Čas UTC2007-08-15 23:40:58
Dogodek ISC1280473
USGS-ANSSComCat
Lokalni datumavgust 15, 2007 (2007-08-15)
Krajevni čas18:40
Magnituda8.0 Mw
Globina39 km (24 mi)
Epicenter13°21′14″S 76°30′32″W / 13.354°S 76.509°W / -13.354; -76.509Koordinati: 13°21′14″S 76°30′32″W / 13.354°S 76.509°W / -13.354; -76.509
PrelomnicaNazca-South American plate
Prizadeta območjaIca Region (Pisco, Ica and Chincha Alta) and Lima Region (San Vicente de Cañete)
Cunamiflooded part of Lima's Costa Verde highway, and much of Pisco's shore
Žrtve519 confirmed dead, 1,366 injured
{{Infopolje Potres
 | name        = 2007 Peru earthquake
 | image       = 40 - Tremblement de terre - Août 2007.JPG
 | alt         = Picture showing earthquake damage.
 | caption     = Piles of rubble, one week after the shock
 | map         = Peru Quake Aug 15-2007.jpg
 | map_alt     = Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake.
 | map_caption = Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake. Star marks [[epicenter]].
 | timestamp   = 2007-08-15 23:40:37
 | isc-event   = 1280473
 | anss-url    = usp000fjta
 | local-date  = {{Start date|2007|8|15}}
 | local-time  = 18:40
 | magnitude   = 8.0 {{M|w|link=y}}
 | depth       = {{convert|39|km|mi|abbr=on}}
 | location    = {{coord|13.354|S|76.509|W|region:PE_type:event|display=inline,title}}
 | fault       = [[Nazca Plate|Nazca]]-[[South American Plate|South American plate]]
 | affected    = [[Ica Region]] ([[Pisco, Peru|Pisco]], [[Ica (city)|Ica]] and [[Chincha Alta]]) and [[Lima Region]] ([[San Vicente de Cañete]])
 | tsunami     = flooded part of Lima's Costa Verde highway, and much of Pisco's shore
 | casualties  = 519 confirmed dead, 1,366 injured
}}

New parameters[uredi kodo]

As of March, 2018, new parameters have been added to resolve some long-running problems regarding the specification of the date and time of earthquakes. On one hand, the local population (for whom the event has the most significance) and local sources identify an earthquake by the local day and time-of-day, which is also a significant factor in societal impact. On the other hand, earthquake catalogs identify and index earthquakes by their UTC time. Unfortunately, this Infobox has had only one pair of parameters for this purpose – 'date' and 'time' – and indicated neither to the editor whether local or UTC time should be used, nor to the reader which time was used (unless an editor was thoughtful enough to indicate the time zone). There is also an 'origintime' which, being similar to the "origin time" used in some catalogs, suggested UTC time and format, but, when used, actually supplanted the value given for 'time'. Some editors have used a time conversion utility to derive a UTC time from a specified local time, but this is a dubious practice: the UTC time actually used to index a quake should be obtained directly, not calculated from a non-authoritative local time.

These issues can now be avoided by using three new parameters: timestamp, local-date, and local-time. The latter are two are exactly what they say they are: the local day and time, and labeled as such in the display. There are no restrictions on how these are formatted; lacking any other guidelines they can be formatted at the editor's discretion. On the other hand, 'timestamp' is the quake's UTC time in all numeric 'yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss' (ISO) format (the seconds being optional), as found in an authoritative catalog. A properly formatted UTC timestamp is now required (unless 'pre-1900' is set); any other text (including timezone or citations) generates an error. Adding "UTC" is not necessary, as that is included in the displayed label: "UTC time". With these new parameters the use of the ambiguous 'date' and 'time' parameters is deprecated, and should be removed. However, please do not simply copy the old values. These should be checked with an authoritative source such as the ANSS or ISC (see below), which have chronological indices (here and here).

There is also a pre-1900 parameter. Setting this to "yes" identifies a quake as being "historical" (meaning it occurred before the dawn of the instrumental period), relaxes the formatting otherwise required for 'timestamp', and makes certain other parameters optional.

Please note that newspapers and other news sites are NOT reliable sources for the technical details of earthquakes, such as time, location, depth, and – most importantly – magnitude. For details of "breaking news" earthquakes recourse should be had to the same source the news agencies go to: the Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS), a partnership of the USGS (NEIC) and various regional networks which monitors global seismicity and provides information on notable events, usually within 15 minutes. (See Latest Earthquakes, or the Significant Earthquake archive, which link to specific event pages in the Comprehensive Catalog.) The new anss-url parameter provides a link to a specific event page, given either the whole url to the event page (e.g.: |anss-url=https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/usp000fjta), or just the final part (e.g.: |anss-url=usp000fjta). For uncataloged events (mainly before 1964) use "n/a" ("not available").

The new isc-event parameter provides a link to the event's bibliography page at the International Seismological Centre (ISC) (see chronological Event Index), with a summary of the preferred magnitude and epicenter, and a link to the event's data page. Data collected by the ISC is generally not available until about two months after the event. After two years all available data is reviewed and the magnitudes and location recalculated to provide the most authoritative values available. For uncataloged events (mainly before 1964) use "n/a" ("not available").

Replacement of the deprecated parameters with the new parameters should include verification of the data, and citation to the authoritative source. For this purpose please see the {{cite anss}} and {{cite isc}} templates.

Doublet earthquakes[uredi kodo]

Doublet example
Čas UTCDvojni potres:    
 A: 2011-02-21 23:51:42
 B: 2011-02-22 00:04:17
Dogodek ISC 
 A: 16168897
 B: 16461282
Lokalni datumFebruary 21, 2011
Krajevni čas 
 A: 13:54 a.m
 B: 14:05 p.m.
Magnituda 
 A: 6.1 Mw
 B: 5.5 Mw

There are special provisions for handling doublet earthquakes, the small number of large earthquakes where the main rupture is interrupted or delayed, resulting in two (or more: multiplet) shocks of similar magnitude, usually within minutes to days of each other. These are not aftershocks (a series of consequent events that usually begin a whole magnitude less than the main shock and steadily diminish in magnitude and frequency according to known laws), these are multiple main shocks. In such cases it incorrect to identify one shock that is slightly bigger than the rest as the main shock, and the rest as foreshocks or aftershocks. Aftershocks can be distinguished in part by starting immediately following a main shock, but usually about 1.2 magnitude smaller, and rapidly decaying in magnitude and frequency (see Bath's Law, whereas doublet/multiplet events are usually only a few events of roughly the same magnitude, separated by hours, days, or even weeks.

Setting |timestamp=doublet (or "triplet" or "multiplet") produces a wikilink to Doublet earthquake so the reader will understand that the following lines refer to the different parts of a multiple event, not to aftershocks or to different estimates of magnitude for a single event. This feature will automatically add the article to Category:Doublet earthquakes. Where doublets have separate articles and this feature is not used, the category should be explicitly added to each article. In general, stating that the quake is a doublet should be contingent on a source.

For handling multi-part main shocks, seven parameters – timestamp, isc-event, anss-url, local-date, local-time, magnitude, and depth – have a suffixed form (e.g.: timestamp-A, etc.) for adding multiple values, as seen in the example. Other parameters (like intensity, etc.) are free-format, and multiple values can be added by judicious use of "<br>" and "&nbsp;". To enable explicit labeling of each part add the line |tags=y. See the articles in Category:Doublet earthquakes for examples; see 2010 Mindanao earthquakes for a complex example.

Microformat[uredi kodo]

Koda HTML, ki jo producira ta predloga, vključuje mikroformat hCalendar, ki omogoča računalnikom, da razčlenijo podatke o dogodku. Ta proces je bodisi samodejen, za katalogiziranje člankov v Wikipediji, bodisi na ročno zahtevo bralca s pomočjo orodja v brskalniku, ki na primer doda osebo v svoj koledar ali dnevnik.

Datumi bodo vključeni le z uporabo {{Start date}} ali {{End date}}.

hCard uporablja naslednje razrede HTML:

  • attendee
  • contact
  • description
  • dtend
  • dtstart
  • location
  • organiser
  • summary
  • vevent

Prosimo, ne preimenujte ali odstranite teh razredov.


See also[uredi kodo]

Sledilne kategorije[uredi kodo]

TemplateData[uredi kodo]

To je TemplateData dokumentacija za predlogo, ki jo uporablja VisualEditor in druga orodja; glejte mesečno poročilo o uporabi parametrov za to predlogo.

TemplateData za Infopolje Potres

For presenting the key data of an earthquake in a consistent, standardized format.

Parametri predloge

Za to predlogo je priporočljiva postavitev parametrov v bloku.

ParameterOpisVrstaStanje
namename

brez opisa

Neznanopredlagano
titletitle

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
native_namenative_name

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
native_name_langnative_name_lang

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
imageimage

File name only

Neznanopredlagano
image_sizeimage_size

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
altalt

brez opisa

Neznanopredlagano
image altimage alt

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
captioncaption

brez opisa

Neznanopredlagano
imagecaptionimagecaption

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
mapmap

File name only, typically a ShakeMap (USGS) uploaded by [[User:Cewbot]]

Neznanopredlagano
map_sizemap_size

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
mapsizemapsize

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
map_altmap_alt

brez opisa

Neznanopredlagano
map_captionmap_caption

brez opisa

Zgled
Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake. Star marks [[epicenter]].
Neznanopredlagano
image nameimage name

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
pushpin_mappushpin_map

The name of a location map as per Template:Location map (eg. Indonesia or Russia). The coordinates field position a pushpin mark and label on the map automatically.

Neznanoizbirno
pushpin_labelpushpin_label

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
pushpin_map_altpushpin_map_alt

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
coordinatescoordinates

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
locationlocation

{{coord|XXXXX|region:XX_type:event|display=inline,title}}

Zgled
{{coord|13.354|S|76.509|W|region:PE_type:event|display=inline,title}}
Neznanopredlagano
pushpin_markpushpin_mark

The name of an image to display as the pushpin mark. The default is File:Bullseye1.png ( Bullseye1.png ).

Neznanoizbirno
pushpin_marksizepushpin_marksize

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
pushpin_map_captionpushpin_map_caption

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
pushpin_label_positionpushpin_label_position

The position of the label on the pushpin map relative to the pushpin mark (see example 5). Valid values are left, right, top and bottom. This defaults to either left or right, depending on the coordinates of the marker and its position relative to the right border of the map image.

Neznanoizbirno
pushpin_mapsizepushpin_mapsize

The width to display the pushpin map, in pixels. Just the number, without \"px\". If omitted or left empty, defaults to 220.

Neznanoizbirno
pushpin_reliefpushpin_relief

Any non-blank value (yes, 1, etc.) will cause the template to display a relief map image, where available (see example 1). For additional information, see Template:Location map#Relief parameter.

Neznanoizbirno
pushpin_imagepushpin_image

Name of an alternative map image, which must have the same edge coordinates as the location map template specified via pushpin_map

Neznanoizbirno
map2map2

as per Template:Location map+

Neznanopredlagano
timestamptimestamp

UTC date/time ("origin time") in yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:[ss] format

Zgled
2019-11-28 18:13:53
Neznanopredlagano
pre-1900pre-1900

Set to 'yes' if before 1900-01-01. Relaxes timestamp format. Earthquakes prior to 1900 are considered 'historical'.

Zgled
yes
Neznanoizbirno
timestamp-Atimestamp-A

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
tagstags

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
timestamp-Btimestamp-B

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
timestamp-Ctimestamp-C

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
timestamp-Dtimestamp-D

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
timestamp-Etimestamp-E

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
isc-eventisc-event

ISC event id. Automatically linked to the event page. Usually not available until several months after the event. See template documentation for more information

Neznanopredlagano
isc-event-Aisc-event-A

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
isc-event-Bisc-event-B

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
isc-event-Cisc-event-C

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
isc-event-Disc-event-D

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
isc-event-Eisc-event-E

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
USGS-ANSSanss-url

URL to the USGS-ANSS event page. See template documentation for more information

Zgled
https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/nc216859
Neznanopredlagano
anss-url-Aanss-url-A

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
anss-url-Banss-url-B

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
anss-url-Canss-url-C

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
anss-url-Danss-url-D

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
anss-url-Eanss-url-E

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
datedate

brez opisa

Neznanozastarelo
timetime

brez opisa

Neznanozastarelo
origintimeorigintime

brez opisa

Neznanozastarelo
local-datelocal-date

Local date of area most affected: {{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}}

Neznanopredlagano
local-date-Alocal-date-A

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
local-date-Blocal-date-B

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
local-date-Clocal-date-C

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
local-date-Dlocal-date-D

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
local-date-Elocal-date-E

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
local-timelocal-time

Local time of area most affected: hh:mm:ss [[timezone]] ([[UTC±x]])

Zgled
18:13:53 [[Central European Time|CET]] ([[UTC+1]])
Neznanopredlagano
local-time-Alocal-time-A

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
local-time-Blocal-time-B

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
local-time-Clocal-time-C

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
local-time-Dlocal-time-D

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
local-time-Elocal-time-E

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
durationduration

brez opisa

Neznanopredlagano
magnitudemagnitude

N.N {{M|?|link=y}}. Get the initial reported magnitude from the USGS-ANSS site. Indicate the scale with {{M}}. Use {{M|w}} for moment magnitude (but only if explicitly stated), {{M|.}} if implicitly Mw, or {{M|?}} if uncertain. See template documentation for more information

Zgled
5.9 {{M|w|linky}}
Neznanopredlagano
magnitude-Amagnitude-A

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
magnitude-Bmagnitude-B

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
magnitude-Cmagnitude-C

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
magnitude-Dmagnitude-D

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
magnitude-Emagnitude-E

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
depthdepth

{{convert|NNN|km|mi|0|abbr=on}}

Neznanopredlagano
depth-Adepth-A

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
depth-Bdepth-B

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
depth-Cdepth-C

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
depth-Ddepth-D

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
depth-Edepth-E

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
English variant languageengvar

en-GB to spell 'Epicentre' instead of en-US 'Epicenter'

Neznanoizbirno
faultfault

For specific fault, unless two plates are clearly the culprit. Ensure a source verifies this.

Zgled
[[Alpine Fault|Alpine]] or [[Nazca Plate|Nazca]]-[[South American Plate|South American plate]]
Neznanopredlagano
typetype

brez opisa

Neznanopredlagano
affectedaffected

Affected regions or cities

Neznanopredlagano
countries affectedcountries affected

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
damagesdamages

Cost/extent of property damage. Give in local currency and/or US$ as per [[WP:CURRENCY]]. Use {{US$|X.xx|link=yes}} or {{In USD|X.xx|ISO code|year=YYYY}}

Neznanopredlagano
damagedamage

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
intensityintensity

Use [[Mercalli intensity scale]]

Zgled
[[Mercalli intensity scale|VIII (''Severe'')]]
Neznanopredlagano
pgapga

NN ''[[Peak ground acceleration|g]]''

Zgled
0.436 ''[[Peak ground acceleration|g]]''
Neznanopredlagano
pgvpgv

Peak ground velocity. NN cm/s

Zgled
456 cm/s
Neznanopredlagano
tsunamitsunami

brez opisa

Zgled
Flooded part of Lima's Costa Verde highway, and much of Pisco's shore
Neznanopredlagano
landslidelandslide

brez opisa

Neznanopredlagano
foreshocksforeshocks

{{M|?|link=y}}. Get proper code from source, and date using {{Start date|YYYY|mm|dd|hh|mm}}

Zgled
{{M|w|link=yes}} 5.6 ({{Start date|2019|9|21|14|04}})
Neznanopredlagano
aftershocksaftershocks

{{M|?|link=y}}. Get proper code from source, and date using {{Start date|YYYY|mm|dd|hh|mm}} unless the same day as "origin date". Use {{plainlist}} for multiple

Zgled
{{M|w|link=yes}} 4.0
Neznanopredlagano
casualtiescasualties

Fatalities and injuries. Cite reliable source

Zgled
400 fatalities, 6,000 injuries
Neznanopredlagano
maxmagnitudemaxmagnitude

Swarms-only

Neznanoizbirno
meandepthmeandepth

Swarms-only

Neznanoizbirno
eventsevents

Swarms-only

Neznanoizbirno
modulemodule

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
embeddedembedded

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
miscmisc

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno
citationscitations

brez opisa

Neznanopredlagano
relatedrelated

brez opisa

Neznanoizbirno