Mao: Neznana zgodba

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Mao: Neznana zgodba  
AvtorJon Halliday, Jung Chang
Naslov izvirnikaMao: Neznana zgodba
DržavaZdruženo Kraljestvo
JezikAngleščina
ZaložnikJonathan Cape
Datum izida2005
Datum izida v
slovenskem jeziku
2006
Št. strani814
Klasifikacija
ISBN961-245-235-0 978-961-245-235-3
COBISS ID230050048
UDK929Mao Zedong 94(510)"19"
Predmetne oznakeMao, Zedong, 1893-1976 -- Biografije Kitajska -- Zgodovina -- 20.st.

Mao: Neznana zgodba je biografska knjiga kitajskega komunističnega diktatorja Maa Cetunga, iz leta 2005, ki sta jo napisala zgodovinar Jon Halliday in zgodovinarka Jung Chang. V knjigi avtorja obravnavata življenjepis Maa Cetunga in njegovo odgovornost za več smrtnih žrtev kot Josif Stalin in Adolf Hitler.[1] Knjiga je delo zgodovinskega revizionizma, ki je v nasprotju s kitajsko uradno zgodovino in zahodnim zgodovinopisjem.[2]  

Pri izvajanju svoje raziskave za knjigo v desetletju sta avtorja opravila intervjuje z stotinami ljudi, ki so doživeli Maovo vladanje, uporabila sta nedavno objavljene spomine kitajskih političnih osebnosti in raziskali novo odprte arhive na Kitajskem in v Rusiji. Sama zgodovinarka Chang je preživela pretresne dogodke v kulturni revoluciji, ki jih je opisala v svoji prejšnji knjigi Wild Swans iz leta 1991.

Knjiga je hitro postala prodajna uspešnica v Evropi in Severni Ameriki.[3] Prejela je izjemne pohvale s strani ocen v nacionalnih časopisih, pohvalili pa so jo tudi nekateri akademiki,[4] vendar je bilo tudi veliko kritik s strani drugih.[5] Pregledi številnih kitajskih strokovnjakov so bili kritični, ker naj bi po njihovih besedah navajali netočnosti in selektivnost pri uporabi virov ter polemično upodobitev Maa.[6][7][8]

Slovenski prevod knjige je izšel leta 2006, knjigo pa je prevedla Valerija Cedilnik.[9]

Sklici[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. Hayford, Charles W. (Fall 2006). "Popular History and the Scholars—Mao: The Unknown Story" (PDF). Education About Asia. Association for Asian Studies. 11 (2): 58–60. Pridobljeno dne 20 November 2021.
  2. Haas, Brent (2006). "Mao: The Unknown Story". UCSD Modern Chinese History Research Site. University of California, San Diego. Pridobljeno dne 20 November 2021. By stating that Mao Zedong was responsible for over 70 million Chinese deaths during peacetime, the first sentence of Chang and Halliday's highly revisionist biography of the Great Helmsman sets the tune that is carried throughout the book with remarkable dedication. Jiwei Ci's musings on the revenge of memory in post-Mao China offers an interesting perspective for evaluating the goals of Chang and Halliday's take on Mao. Observing that soon after Mao's death 'unofficial memory undid official history,' thus allowing for Chinese to 'now' discern a devil where the eye had heretofore been accustomed to see an angel. Through consciously neglected previous scholarship on the CCP and Mao's role in twentieth century China as 'received wisdom' (Jonathan Fenby, The Observer, 12/4/2005) and relying heavily on anonymous interviews, uncited memoirs, and unpublished sources, Chang and Halliday's revisionist narrative represents Ci's 'unofficial memory' set against 'official history' (both PRC official narratives and Western academic understanding).
  3. Fenby, Jonathan (4 December 2005). "Storm rages over bestselling book on monster Mao". The Observer. Guardian Media Group. Pridobljeno dne 20 November 2021.
  4. Walsh, John (10 June 2005). "Mao: The Unknown Story by Jung Chang and Jon Halliday". Asian Review of Books. Arhivirano iz prvotnega spletišča dne 1 November 2005. Pridobljeno dne 20 November 2021.
  5. Pomfret, John (11 December 2005). "Chairman Monster". The Washington Post. Pridobljeno dne 20 November 2021.
  6. Haas, Brent (2006). "Mao: The Unknown Story". UCSD Modern Chinese History Research Site. University of California, San Diego. Pridobljeno dne 20 November 2021. In this reviewer's opinion, and those of China specialists including Perry Link ('An Abnormal Mind,' Times Literary Supplement, 8/14/2005), Jonathan Spence ('Portrait of a Monster,' New York Review of Books, 11/3/2005), Andrew Nathan ('Jade and Plastic,' London Review of Books, 11/17/2005), Arthur Waldron, and Jeffrey Wasserstrom ('Mao as Monster,' Chicago Tribune, 11/6/2005), this is a much-needed corrective. But, excluding Waldron's laudatory review ('Mao Lives,' Commentary, 10/2005), scholarly reviewers found many problems with their research and citation methodology and blatant political axe to grind. Specifically, unhelpful citations, manipulated interpretation of sources to suit their argumentation, and blatantly-unsourced assertions mar a seminal study of Mao based on a decade of research and geared towards an important political re-evaluation of a horrible tyrant.
  7. Benton, Gregor; Chun, Lin, ur. (2010). Was Mao Really a Monster?: The Academic Response to Chang and Halliday's "Mao: The Unknown Story" (1st izd.). Routledge. ISBN 9780415493307.
  8. Hayford, Charles W. (June 2011). "Was Mao Really a Monster?: The Academic Response to Chang and "Halliday's Mao: The Unknown Story"". Pacific Affairs. 82 (2): 32–33. doi:10.14288/1.0045080. Pridobljeno dne 20 November 2021.
  9. "Intervju: Valerija Cedilnik, prevajalka knjige o Mau Zedongu". knjigarna Bukla.