Pax Chazarica

Iz Wikipedije, proste enciklopedije
Skoči na: navigacija, iskanje

Pax Chazarica, Hazarski mir, je utečeno latinsko ime za zgodovinsko obdobje približno od leta 700 do 950, v katerem je Hazarski kaganat obvladoval Pontske stepe in Kavkaz. Hazari so v tem obdobju obvladovali vse vitalne transevrazijske trgovske poti in s tem olajšali potovanje in trgovanje med Evropo in Azijo. Vodilni trgovci so bili radaniti in zgodnji Rusi.

Tvorec izraza Pax Chazarica ni poznan, uporabljal pa se je že v 19. stoletju.

Viri[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Barthold, W. (1996). »Khazar«. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Brill Online). Eds.: P. Bearman , Th. Bianquis , C.E. Bosworth , E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill.
  • Blind, Karl. »A Forgotten Turkish Nation in Europe«. The Gentleman's Quarterly. Vol. CCXLI, No. 19. London: Chatto & Windus, 1877. str. 439-460.
  • Kevin Alan Brook. The Jews of Khazaria. 2nd ed. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc, 2006.

Douglas M. Dunlop. The History of the Jewish Khazars, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1954.

  • Douglas M. Dunlop. »The Khazars.« The Dark Ages: Jews in Christian Europe, 711-1096. 1966.

Peter B. Golden. Khazar Studies: An Historio-Philological Inquiry into the Origins of the Khazars. Budapest: Akademia Kiado, 1980.

  • Peter B. Golden. »Khazar Turkic Ghulâms in Caliphal Service« (Journal Article in Journal Asiatique, 2004.)
  • Peter B. Golden. »Khazar Turkic Ghulâms in Caliphal Service: Onomastic Notes« (Journal Article in Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi, 1993.)
  • Peter B. Golden. »Khazars« (Book Chapter in Turkish-Jewish Encounters: Studies on Turkish-Jewish Relations through the Ages, 2001.)
  • Norman Golb and Omeljan Pritsak, Khazarian Hebrew Documents of the Tenth Century. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1982.
  • Thomas S. Noonan. »Khazaria as an Intermediary between Islam and Eastern Europe in the Second Half of the Ninth Century: The Numismatic Perspective.« Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi 5 (1985), str. 179-204.
  • Thomas S. Noonan. »Byzantium and the Khazars: a special relationship?« Byzantine Diplomacy: Papers from the Twenty-fourth Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, Cambridge, March 1990, ed. Jonathan Shepard and Simon Franklin, pp. 109-132. Aldershot, England: Variorium, 1992.

Omeljan Pritsak. »The Khazar Kingdom's Conversion to Judaism.« (Journal Article in Harvard Ukrainian Studies, 1978) Omeljan Pritsak. »The Pre-Ashkenazic Jews of Eastern Europe in Relation to the Khazars, the Rus', and the Lithuanians«. Ukrainian-Jewish Relations in HIstorical Perspective, ed. Howard Aster and Peter J. Potichnyj. Edmonton, Alberta: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press, 1990. str. 7.