Čini Oboroženih sil ZDA

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Vojaški čini Oboroženih sil Združenih držav Amerike so razdeljeni na čine:

Tabela[uredi | uredi kodo]

Prevod Razred Kop. vojska ZDA Voj. mornarica ZDA Obalna straža Korpus mornariške pehote Združenih držav Amerike Voj. letalstvo ZDA
General armade /

Admiral flote

O-11 General of the Army (GA)

General of the Army

Fleet Admiral (FADM)

Fleet Admiral

/ / General of the Air Force (GAF)
General /

Admiral

O-10 General (GEN)

General

Admiral (ADM)

Admiral

Admiral (ADM)

Admiral

General (Gen)

General

General (Gen)

General

Generalpodpolkovnik

Viceadmiral

O-9 Lieutenant General (LTG)

Lieutenant General

Vice Admiral (VADM)

Vice Admiral

Vice Admiral (VADM)

Vice Admiral

Lieutenant General (LtGen)

Lieutenant General

Lieutenant General (Lt Gen)

Lieutenant General

Generalmajor /

Kontraadmiral (zgornja polovica)

O-8 Major General (MG)

Major General

Rear Admiral, upper half (RADM)

Rear Admiral Upper Half

Rear Admiral, upper half (RADM)

Rear Admiral Upper Half

Major General (MajGen)

Major General

Major General (Maj Gen)

Major General

Brigadni general /

Kontraadmiral (spodnja polovica)

O-7 Brigadier General (BG)

Brigadier General

Rear Admiral, lower half (RDML)

Rear Admiral Lower Half

Rear Admiral, lower half (RDML)

Rear Admiral Lower Half

Brigadier General (BGen)

Brigadier General

Brigadier General (Brig Gen)

Brigadier General

Polkovnik /

Kapitan bojne ladje

O-6 Colonel (COL)

Colonel

Captain (CAPT)

Captain

Captain (CAPT)

Captain

Colonel (Col)

Colonel

Colonel (Col)

Colonel

Podpolkovnik /

Kapitan fregate

O-5 Lieutenant Colonel (LTC)

Lieutenant Colonel

Commander (CDR)

Commander

Commander (CDR)

Commander

Lieutenant Colonel (LtCol)

Lieutenant Colonel

Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col)

Lieutenant Colonel

Major /

Kapitan korvete

O-4 Major (MAJ)

Major

Lieutenant Commander (LCDR)

Lieutenant Commander

Lieutenant Commander (LCDR)

Lieutenant Commander

Major (Maj)

Major

Major (Maj)

Major

Stotnik /

Poročnik bojne ladje

O-3 Captain (CPT)

Captain

Lieutenant (LT)

Lieutenant

Lieutenant (LT)

Lieutenant

Captain (Capt)

Captain

Captain (Capt)

Captain

Nadporočnik /

Poročnik fregate

O-2 First Lieutenant (1LT)

First Lieutenant

Lieutenant, junior grade (LTJG)

Lieutenant Junior Grade

Lieutenant, junior grade (LTJG)

Lieutenant Junior Grade

First Lieutenant (1stLt)

First Lieutenant

First Lieutenant (1st Lt)

First Lieutenant

Poročnik

Poročnik korvete

O-1 Second Lieutenant (2LT)

Second Lieutenant

Ensign (ENS)

Ensign

Ensign (ENS)

Ensign

Second Lieutenant (2ndLt)

Second Lieutenant

Second Lieutenant (2nd Lt)

Second Lieutenant

/ W-5 Chief Warrant Officer 5 (CW5)

Chief Warrant Officer 5

Chief Warrant Officer 5 (CWO5)

Chief Warrant Officer 5

/ Chief Warrant Officer 5 (CWO5)

Chief Warrant Officer 5

/
/ W-4 Chief Warrant Officer 4 (CW4)

Chief Warrant Officer 4

Chief Warrant Officer 4 (CWO4)

Chief Warrant Officer 4

Chief Warrant Officer 4 (CWO4)

Chief Warrant Officer 4

Chief Warrant Officer 4 (CWO4)

Chief Warrant Officer 4

/
/ W-3 Chief Warrant Officer 3 (CW3)

Chief Warrant Officer 3

Chief Warrant Officer 3 (CWO3)

Chief Warrant Officer 3

Chief Warrant Officer 3 (CWO3)

Chief Warrant Officer 3

Chief Warrant Officer 3 (CWO3)

Chief Warrant Officer 3

/
/ W-2 Chief Warrant Officer 2 (CW2)

Chief Warrant Officer 2

Chief Warrant Officer 2 (CWO2)

Chief Warrant Officer 2

Chief Warrant Officer 2 (CWO2)

Chief Warrant Officer 2

Chief Warrant Officer 2 (CWO2)

Chief Warrant Officer 2

/
/ W-1 Warrant Officer 1 (WO1)

Warrant Officer 1

/ / Warrant Officer 1 (WO1)

Warrant Officer 1

/
Višji štabni praporščak E-9 Sergeant Major of the Army (SMA)

Sergeant Major of the Army

Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy (MCPON)

Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy

Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard (MCPOCG)

Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps (SgtMajMarCor)

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps

Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force (CMSAF)

Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force

Štabni praporščak Command Sergeant Major (CSM)

Command Sergeant Major

Command Master Chief Petty Officer (CMDCM)

Command Master Chief Petty Officer

Fleet/Force Master Chief Petty Officer (FLTCM/FORCM)

Fleet Master Chief Petty Officer

Command Master Chief Petty Officer (CMC)

Command Master Chief Petty Officer

Area Master Chief Petty Officer

Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard (reserve)

/ Command Chief Master Sergeant (CCM)

Command Chief Master Sergeant

Višji praporščak Sergeant Major (SGM)

Sergeant Major

Master Chief Petty Officer (MCPO)

Master Chief Petty Officer

Master Chief Petty Officer (MCPO)

Master Chief Petty Officer

Master Gunnery Sergeant (MGySgt)

Master Gunnery Sergeant

Sergeant Major (SgtMaj)

Sergeant Major

Chief Master Sergeant (CMSgt)

Chief Master Sergeant First Sergeant E9

Praporščak E-8 Master Sergeant (MSG)

Master Sergeant

First Sergeant (1SG)

First Sergeant

Senior Chief Petty Officer (SCPO)

Senior Chief Petty Officer

Senior Chief Petty Officer (SCPO)

Senior Chief Petty Officer

Master Sergeant (MSgt)

Master Sergeant

First Sergeant (1stSgt)

First Sergeant

Senior Master Sergeant (SMSgt)

Senior Master Sergeant First Sergeant E8

Višji štabni vodnik
Štabni vodnik E-7 Sergeant First Class (SFC)

Sergeant First Class

Chief Petty Officer (CPO)

Chief Petty Officer

Chief Petty Officer (CPO)

Chief Petty Officer

Gunnery Sergeant (GySgt)

Gunnery Sergeant

Master Sergeant (MSgt)

Master Sergeant First Sergeant E7

Višji vodnik E-6 Staff Sergeant (SSG)

Staff Sergeant

Petty Officer First Class (PO1)

Petty Officer First Class

Petty Officer First Class (PO1)

Petty Officer First Class

Staff Sergeant (SSgt)

Staff Sergeant

Technical Sergeant (TSgt)

Technical Sergeant

Vodnik E-5 Sergeant (SGT)

Sergeant

Petty Officer Second Class (PO2)

Petty Officer Second Class

Petty Officer Second Class (PO2)

Petty Officer Second Class

Sergeant (Sgt)

Sergeant

Staff Sergeant (SSgt)

Staff Sergeant

/ E-4 Corporal (CPL)

Corporal

Petty Officer Third Class (PO3)

Petty Officer Third Class

Petty Officer Third Class (PO3)

Petty Officer Third Class

Corporal (Cpl)

Corporal

/
Naddesetnik Specialist (SPC)

Specialist

/ / / Senior Airman (SrA)

Senior Airman

Desetnik E-3 Private First Class (PFC)

Private First Class

Seaman (SN)

Seaman

Seaman (SN)

Seaman

Lance Corporal (LCpl)

Lance Corporal

Airman First Class (A1C)

Airman First Class

Poddesetnik E-2 Private (PV2)

Private E-2

Seaman Apprentice (SA)

Seaman Apprentice

Seaman Apprentice (SA)

Seaman Apprentice

Private First Class (PFC)

Private First Class

Airman (Amn)

Airman

Vojak E-1 Private (PV1) Seaman Recruit (SR) Seaman Recruit (SR)

Seaman Recruit

Private (Pvt) Airman Basic (AB)

Besedilo k tabeli[uredi | uredi kodo]

Splošno[uredi | uredi kodo]

Vsi častniki oboroženih sil ZDA so pooblaščeni od predsednika ZDA in potrjeni od senata.

Delitev činov kopenske vojske ZDA, vojnega letalstva ZDA in marinski korpus ZDA:[uredi | uredi kodo]

Delitev činov vojne mornarice ZDA in obalne straže ZDA:[uredi | uredi kodo]

Kopenska vojska Združenih držav Amerike[uredi | uredi kodo]

Činovni razredi E-1 do E-4 zavzemajo najnižje, vojaške čine. Zanimivost je, da razred E4 zavzema dva čina (Corporal in Specialist); razlika med njim je samo v usmerjenosti; Specialist je specialistično usmerjen na posamezno področje (po navadi vojaške tehnologije), medtem ko je Corporal vsesplošno usmerjen (po navadi je to predstavnik pehote). Razred E-4 prištevajo že k nižjim podčastnikom.

Činovni razredi E-5 do E-9 zavzemajo podčastniške čine. Že razred E-8 ima 2 čina (Master Sergeant in First Sergeant); oba sta v istem plačilnem razredu, ampak opravljata različne naloge (First Sergeant upravlja pomembnejše naloge). Isto velja za razred E-9, kjer so 3 čini (Sergeant Major, Command Sergeant Major in Sergeant Major of the Army).

Čin Sergeant Major of the Army je edinstven čin, saj ga lahko hkrati zasede le en pripadnik kopenske vojske in predstavlja vse naborniške čine v rodu (Uradna stran Sergeant Major of the Army). Hkrati je osebni svetovalec načelnika štaba kopenske vojske za področje naborniških činov.

Činovni razredi W-1 do W-5 zavzemajo specialistične častniške čine.

Činovni razredi O-1 do O-3 zavzemajo nižje častniške čine.

Činovni razredi O-4 do O-6 zavzemajo višje častniške čine.

Činovni razredi nad O-7 zavzemajo generalske čine. Čin General lahko hkrati zasede le ena oseba, saj je hkrati tudi načelnik štaba vojske. General of the Army (general armade je samo vojni čin. General of the Armies (general armad) je bil pa doslej podeljen le dvema generaloma in je tudi vojni čini.

Vojna mornarica Združenih držav Amerike[uredi | uredi kodo]

Obalna straža Združenih držav Amerike[uredi | uredi kodo]

Korpus mornariške pehote Združenih držav Amerike[uredi | uredi kodo]

Činovni razredi E-1 do E-3 so vojaški čini. E-4 je v primerjavi z kopensko vojsko že podčastniški čin.

Činovni razredi E-4 do E-9 so podčastniški čini. Razred E-8 združuje dva čina (Master Sergeant in First Seargeant), ki opravljata različne naloge. Isto velja za razred E-9, ki vsebuje tri čine (Sergeant Major, Master Gunnery Sergeant in Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps).

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps je marinski ekvivalent Sergeant Major of the Army (Uradna stran Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps).

Činovni razredi W-1 do W-5 zavzemajo specialisične častniške čine.

Činovni razredi O-1 do O-3 zavzemajo nižje častniške čine.

Činovni razredi O-4 do O-6 zavzemajo višje častniške čine.

Činovni razredi nad O-7 zavzemajo generalske čine. Najvišji generalski čin je General, ki je enkratni položaj, saj je general hkrati tudi poveljnik korpusa mornariške pehote ZDA.

Vojno letalstvo Združenih držav Amerike[uredi | uredi kodo]

Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]