Standard Oil

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Standard Oil Co. Inc.
Standard Oil Company logo c. 1911
Nekdanji tip Cleveland, Ohio Korporacija (1870–1882)
Trust (1882–1892)
New Jersey Holding (1899–1911)[1]
Panoga Naftna industrija
Ustanovitev 1870
Ukinitev 1911
Sedež Cleveland, Ohio (1870–1885)
New York City, New York (1885–1911)[2]
Ključni ljudje John D. Rockefeller, ustanovitelj
Stephen V. Harkness,
Henry M. Flagler
John H. Swearingen
John D. Archbold
William Rockefeller
Samuel Andrews
Charles Pratt
Henry H. Rogers
Oliver H. Payne
Joseph Emory Edens
Daniel O'Day
Jabez A. Bostwick
William G. Warden,[3]
Jacob Vandergrift,[4]
Produkti Naftni derivati
Št. zaposlenih 60000 (1909)[5]
Standard Oil rafinerija, leta 1897

Standard Oil Co. Inc. je bilo ameriško naftno/plinsko podjetje, ki je obstajalo v letih 1870−1911. Svoj čas je bil največje naftno podjetje in hkrati tudi največja korporacija na svetu. Leta 1911 je ameriško vrhovno sodišče razsodilo, da gre za ilegalen monopol, zato so podjetje razdelili v več manjših podjetij, večina od njih pod različnimi imeni še vedno obstaja.

Podjetje so leta 1870 v Ohiu ustanovili partnerji: John D. Rockefeller, njegov brat William Rockefeller, Henry Flagler, kemik Samuel Andrews, Stephen V. Harkness in Oliver Burr Jennings.

Nasledniki Standard Oil-a[uredi | uredi kodo]

Glej tudi[uredi | uredi kodo]

Reference[uredi | uredi kodo]

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi kodo]

  • Anderson, Irvine H. Jr., The Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. and United States East Asian Policy, 1933-1941, Princeton University Press, 1975.
  • Bringhurst, Bruce. Antitrust and the Oil Monopoly: The Standard Oil Cases, 1890–1911. New York: Greenwood Press, 1979.
  • Chernow, Ron. Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. London: Warner Books, 1998.
  • Cochran, S., Encountering Chinese Networks: Western, Japanese, and Chinese Corporations in China, 1880-1937, University of California Press, 2000.
  • Droz, R.V. Whatever Happened to Standard Oil?, 2004. Retrieved June 25, 2005.
  • Folsom, Jr., Burton W. John D. Rockefeller and the Oil Industry from The Myth of the Robber Barons. New York: Young America, 2003.
  • Hidy, Ralph W. and Muriel E. Hidy. History of Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey : Pioneering in Big Business 1882–1911). New York: Ayer Co. Publishing, 1987.
  • Jones; Eliot. The Trust Problem in the United States 1922. Chapter 5; online edition
  • Klein, Henry H. Dynastic America and Those Who Own It. New York: Kessinger Publishing, [1921] Reprint, 2003.
  • Knowlton, Evelyn H. and George S. Gibb. History of Standard Oil Co.: Resurgent Years 1911–1927. New York: Harper & Row, 1956.
  • Larson, Henrietta M., Evelyn H. Knowlton and Charles S. Popple. New Horizons 1927–1950 (History of Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey), Volume 3). New York: Harper & Row, 1971.
  • Latham, Earl ed. John D. Rockefeller: Robber Baron or Industrial Statesman?, 1949. Primary and secondary sources.
  • Manns, Leslie D. "Dominance in the Oil Industry: Standard Oil from 1865 to 1911" in David I. Rosenbaum ed, Market Dominance: How Firms Gain, Hold, or Lose it and the Impact on Economic Performance. Praeger, 1998. online edition
  • Montague, Gilbert Holland. The Rise And Progress of the Standard Oil Co. (1902) online edition
  • Montague, Gilbert Holland. "The Rise and Supremacy of the Standard Oil Co.," Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 16, No. 2 (February, 1902), pp. 265–292 in JSTOR
  • Nevins, Allan. John D. Rockefeller: The Heroic Age of American Enterprise. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940.
  • Nevins, Allan. Study In Power: John D. Rockefeller, Industrialist and Philanthropist. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1953.
  • Nowell, Gregory P. (1994). Mercantile States and the World Oil Cartel, 1900–1939. Cornell University Press. 
  • Tarbell, Ida M. The History of the Standard Oil Co., 1904. The famous original expose in McClure's Magazine of Standard Oil.
  • Wall, Bennett H. Growth in a Changing Environment: A History of Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey), Exxon Corp., 1950–1975. New York: Harpercollins, 1989.
  • Williamson, Harold F. and Arnold R. Daum. The American Petroleum Industry: The Age of Illumination, 1859–1899, 1959: vol 2, American Petroleum Industry: the Age of Energy 1899–1959, 1964. The standard history of the oil industry. online edition of vol 1
  • Yergin, Daniel. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991.

Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]