Seznam občin Dominikanske republike

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Province Dominikanske republike so razdeljene na dve ali več občin (municipios, ed. municipio), z izjemo province Distrito Nacional, ki je sestavljena iz le ene občine - Santo Domingo. Občine so drugostopenjska upravna delitev države.

Delitev provinc na občin določa Ustava (1. akt, 2. odlomek, 5. člen iz leta 2002) [1], izvršuje pa zakon, trenutno 5220. Zakon o ozemeljski delitvi Dominikanske republike (Ley No. 5220 sobre División Territorial de la República Dominicana), objavljen leta 1959 in pogostokrat dopolnjen ob dodajanju novih provinc, občin in drugih upravnih delitev.

Uprava[uredi | uredi kodo]

Občine upravljajo občinski sveti (ayuntamientos) in župan (Síndico), ki jih izvoli prebivalstvo občine. To določata 8. člen 8. akta Ustave Dominikanske republike iz leta 2002 [1] in 3455. Zakon o upravljanju z občinami (Ley 3455 de Organización Municipal).[2]

V primeru, da je v občini več kot eno mestno središče, je lahko tovrstno mestno središče znotraj občine povišano v t. i. Občinski okraj (distrito municipal). Okrajni svet (Junta Municipal) za tovrsten okraj določa mestni svet občine, kateri pripada (3455. zakon, 1. akt, 4. poglavje)[2].

Podeželski deli občin so sestavljeni iz večih okrožij (Secciones), ki se nato delijo še na soseske (Parajes). Občinski sveti določajo okrožne župane (Alcalde pedáneo), ki na okrožni stopnji zastopajo občinsko upravo (3455. zakon, 1. akt, 5. poglavje)[2]

Prebivalstvo posameznih občin je precej različno. Občine tako glede na prebivalstvo delimo na mesta (Ciudades), prestolnice provinc z več kot deset tisoč prebivalci, manjša mesta (Villas), občinske sedeže z več kot tisoč prebivalci, ter vasi (Poblados), z manj kot tisoč prebivalci.

Občine[uredi | uredi kodo]

Spodaj je seznam 156-ih občin Dominikanske republike iz dne 1. januarja 2012. [3]

Ime Provinca Prebivalstvo Velikost (km2) Gostota prebivalstva
Altamira Puerto Plata 700426056000000000026.056 700417932000000000017.932 7002150000000000000150/km2
Arenoso Duarte 700417589000000000017.589 700414220000000000014.220 7002120000000000000120/km2
Azua de Compostela Azua 7005128264000000000128.264 700423295000000000023.295 7002550000000000000550/km2
Bajos de Haina San Cristóbal 7005158985000000000158.985 70033849000000000003.849 70004100099999999994,100/km2
Baní Peravia 7005259061000000000259.061 700474379000000000074.379 7002350000000000000350/km2
Bayaguana Monte Plata 700434786000000000034.786 700487799000000000087.799 700140000000000000040/km2
Boca Chica Santo Domingo 7005123510000000000123.510 700414567000000000014.567 7002850000000000000850/km2
Bohechío San Juan 70039652000000000009.652 700440782000000000040.782 700124000000000000024/km2
Bonao Monseñor Nouel 7005158034000000000158.034 700466437000000000066.437 7002240000000000000240/km2
Cabral Barahona 700414523000000000014.523 70031493000000000001.493 700197000000000000097/km2
Cabrera María Trinidad Sánchez 700424218000000000024.218 700429758000000000029.758 700181000000000000081/km2
Cambita Garabitos San Cristóbal 700442589000000000042.589 700420252000000000020.252 7002210000000000000210/km2
Castañuela Monte Cristi 700414878000000000014.878 7002809000000000000809 7002140000000000000140/km2
Castillo Duarte 700420258000000000020.258 700413368000000000013.368 7002150000000000000150/km2
Cayetano Germosen Espaillat 700436930000000000036.930 70031775000000000001.775 70032100000000000002.100/km2
Cevicos Sánchez Ramírez 700412589000000000012.589 700430564000000000030.564 700141000000000000041/km2
Comendador Elías Piña 700443894000000000043.894 700425293000000000025.293 7002170000000000000170/km2
Concepción de La Vega La Vega 7005235698000000000235.698 700463985000000000063.985 7002370000000000000370/km2
Constanza La Vega 700485240000000000085.240 700484879000000000084.879 7002100000000000000100/km2
Consuelo San Pedro de Macorís 700436588000000000036.588 700413152000000000013.152 7002280000000000000280/km2
Cotuí Sánchez Ramírez 700479596000000000079.596 700461988000000000061.988 7002130000000000000130/km2
Cristóbal Independencia 70035908000000000005.908 700415172000000000015.172 700139000000000000039/km2
Dajabón Dajabón 700425983000000000025.983 700425341000000000025.341 7002100000000000000100/km2
Duvergé Independencia 700419598000000000019.598 700452164000000000052.164 700138000000000000038/km2
El Cercado San Juan 700425688000000000025.688 700428305000000000028.305 700191000000000000091/km2
El Factor María Trinidad Sánchez 700420148000000000020.148 700414923000000000014.923 7002140000000000000140/km2
El Llano Elías Piña 70034986000000000004.986 700410449000000000010.449 700148000000000000048/km2
El Peñón Barahona 70033589000000000003.589 700420412000000000020.412 700118000000000000018/km2
El Pino Dajabón 70036698000000000006.698 70038835000000000008.835 700176000000000000076/km2
El Valle Hato Mayor 70033855000000000003.855 700416112000000000016.112 700124000000000000024/km2
Enriquillo Barahona 700410254000000000010.254 70033541000000000003.541 700129000000000000029/km2
Esperanza Valverde 700470588000000000070.588 700421524000000000021.524 7002330000000000000330/km2
Estebanía Azua 700410154000000000010.154 700418727000000000018.727 700141000000000000041/km2
Eugenio María de Hostos Duarte 700414598000000000014.598 70037823000000000007.823 7002190000000000000190/km2
Fantino Sánchez Ramírez 700422487000000000022.487 70039597000000000009.597 7002230000000000000230/km2
Fundación Barahona 70035895000000000005.895 70035259000000000005.259 7002110000000000000110/km2
Galván Baoruco 700415869000000000015.869 700421466000000000021.466 700174000000000000074/km2
Gaspar Hernández Espaillat 700457302000000000057.302 700436618000000000036.618 7002160000000000000160/km2
Guananico Puerto Plata 70038954000000000008.954 70035732000000000005.732 7002160000000000000160/km2
Guayabal Azua 70033965000000000003.965 700426287000000000026.287 700115000000000000015/km2
Guayacanes San Pedro de Macorís 700437889000000000037.889 700412978000000000012.978 7002290000000000000290/km2
Guaymate La Romana 700426133000000000026.133 700430980000000000030.980 700184000000000000084/km2
Guayubín Monte Cristi 700432586000000000032.586 700489926000000000089.926 700125000000000000025/km2
Guerra Santo Domingo 7005102586000000000102.586 700428825000000000028.825 7002360000000000000360/km2
Hato Mayor del Rey Hato Mayor 700470141000000000070.141 700465965000000000065.965 7002110000000000000110/km2
Hondo Valle Elías Piña 70035989000000000005.989 700412063000000000012.063 700150000000000000050/km2
Imbert Puerto Plata 700430514000000000030.514 700417070000000000017.070 7002180000000000000180/km2
Jamao al Norte Espaillat 700442953000000000042.953 700411548000000000011.548 7002370000000000000370/km2
Jánico Santiago 700426986000000000026.986 700423503000000000023.503 7002110000000000000110/km2
Jaquimeyes Barahona 70034144000000000004.144 700417863000000000017.863 700123000000000000023/km2
Jarabacoa La Vega 700469855000000000069.855 700466588000000000066.588 7002100000000000000100/km2
Jima Abajo La Vega 700429685000000000029.685 700413272000000000013.272 7002220000000000000220/km2
Jimaní Independencia 700413992000000000013.992 700445849000000000045.849 700131000000000000031/km2
Juan de Herrera San Juan 700412963000000000012.963 700414685000000000014.685 700188000000000000088/km2
Juan Santiago Elías Piña 70032989000000000002.989 700410715000000000010.715 700128000000000000028/km2
La Ciénaga Barahona 70038004000000000008.004 700411230000000000011.230 700171000000000000071/km2
La Descubierta Independencia 70036990000000000006.990 700420685000000000020.685 700134000000000000034/km2
La Mata Sánchez Ramírez 700442785000000000042.785 700417464000000000017.464 7002240000000000000240/km2
La Romana La Romana 7005227856000000000227.856 700418552000000000018.552 70031200000000000001.200/km2
Laguna Salada Valverde 700430041000000000030.041 700418454000000000018.454 7002160000000000000160/km2
Las Charcas Azua 70039254000000000009.254 700425123000000000025.123 700137000000000000037/km2
Las Guáranas Duarte 700419969000000000019.969 70038649000000000008.649 7002230000000000000230/km2
Las Matas de Farfán San Juan 7005100586000000000100.586 700463664000000000063.664 7002160000000000000160/km2
Las Matas de Santa Cruz Monte Cristi 700418756000000000018.756 700410951000000000010.951 7002170000000000000170/km2
Las Salinas Barahona 70035956000000000005.956 700412347000000000012.347 700148000000000000048/km2
Las Terrenas Samaná 700410865000000000010.865 70031131000000000001.131 700196000000000000096/km2
Las Yayas de Viajama Azua 70037142000000000007.142 700447254000000000047.254 700115000000000000015/km2
Licey al Medio Santiago 700445896000000000045.896 70033202000000000003.202 70031400000000000001.400/km2
Loma de Cabrera Dajabón 700420665000000000020.665 700423851000000000023.851 700187000000000000087/km2
Los Alcarrizos Santo Domingo 7005263861000000000263.861 70035214000000000005.214 70035100000000000005.100/km2
Los Cacaos San Cristóbal 700449858000000000049.858 700414562000000000014.562 7002340000000000000340/km2
Los Hidalgos Puerto Plata 700414589000000000014.589 700410110000000000010.110 7002140000000000000140/km2
Los Ríos Baoruco 70039963000000000009.963 700414987000000000014.987 700166000000000000066/km2
Luperón Puerto Plata 700420259000000000020.259 700427207000000000027.207 700174000000000000074/km2
Maimón Monseñor Nouel 700418655000000000018.655 70039007000000000009.007 7002210000000000000210/km2
Mella Independencia 70033008000000000003.008 700450881000000000050.881 700159000000000000059/km2
Miches El Seibo 700418745000000000018.745 700444247000000000044.247 700142000000000000042/km2
Moca Espaillat 7005253293000000000253.293 700433921000000000033.921 7002750000000000000750/km2
Monción Santiago Rodríguez 700429875000000000029.875 700410161000000000010.161 7002290000000000000290/km2
Monte Plata Monte Plata 700457553000000000057.553 700462355000000000062.355 700192000000000000092/km2
Nagua María Trinidad Sánchez 700479420000000000079.420 700455271000000000055.271 7002140000000000000140/km2
Neiba Baoruco 700453605000000000053.605 700427533000000000027.533 7002190000000000000190/km2
Nizao Peravia 700439686000000000039.686 70034854000000000004.854 7002820000000000000820/km2
Oviedo Pedernales 70035986000000000005.986 700479986000000000079.986 700175000000000000075/km2
Padre Las Casas Azua 700440545000000000040.545 700465226000000000065.226 700162000000000000062/km2
Paraíso Barahona 700414472000000000014.472 700413863000000000013.863 7002100000000000000100/km2
Partido Dajabón 70037593000000000007.593 700415729000000000015.729 700148000000000000048/km2
Pedernales Pedernales 700422955000000000022.955 7005127467000000000127.467 700118000000000000018/km2
Pedro Brand Santo Domingo 7005103685000000000103.685 700421229000000000021.229 7002490000000000000490/km2
Pedro Santana Elías Piña 70034875000000000004.875 700457502000000000057.502 700185000000000000085/km2
Pepillo Salcedo Monte Cristi 700411588000000000011.588 700414932000000000014.932 700178000000000000078/km2
Peralta Azua 70038596000000000008.596 700411585000000000011.585 700174000000000000074/km2
Peralvillo Monte Plata 700420048000000000020.048 700415335000000000015.335 7002130000000000000130/km2
Piedra Blanca Monseñor Nouel 700424785000000000024.785 700423795000000000023.795 7002100000000000000100/km2
Pimentel Duarte 700435989000000000035.989 700412467000000000012.467 7002290000000000000290/km2
Polo Barahona 70037144000000000007.144 700420061000000000020.061 700136000000000000036/km2
Postrer Río Independencia 70035289000000000005.289 700415893000000000015.893 700133000000000000033/km2
Pueblo Viejo Azua 70038251000000000008.251 70034538000000000004.538 7002180000000000000180/km2
Puñal Santiago 700440548000000000040.548 70038912000000000008.912 7002450000000000000450/km2
Quisqueya San Pedro de Macorís 700424885000000000024.885 700415545000000000015.545 7002160000000000000160/km2
Ramón Santana San Pedro de Macorís 700416548000000000016.548 700424992000000000024.992 700166000000000000066/km2
Rancho Arriba San José de Ocoa 700412586000000000012.586 700420353000000000020.353 700162000000000000062/km2
Restauración Dajabón 70036948000000000006.948 700428358000000000028.358 700126000000000000026/km2
Río San Juan María Trinidad Sánchez 700416998000000000016.998 700427219000000000027.219 700162000000000000062/km2
Sabana de la Mar Hato Mayor 700410582000000000010.582 700450852000000000050.852 700121000000000000021/km2
Sabana Grande de Boyá Monte Plata 700430085000000000030.085 700453508000000000053.508 700156000000000000056/km2
Sabana Grande de Palenque San Cristóbal 700430247000000000030.247 70033013000000000003.013 70031000000000000001.000/km2
Sabana Iglesia Santiago 700430859000000000030.859 700418696000000000018.696 7002170000000000000170/km2
Sabana Larga San José de Ocoa 700412698000000000012.698 700416700000000000016.700 700176000000000000076/km2
Sabana Yegua Azua 700426552000000000026.552 700410158000000000010.158 700410158000000000010.158/km2
Salcedo Hermanas Mirabal 700445299000000000045.299 70031906000000000001.906 7002240000000000000240/km2
Salvaleón de Higüey La Altagracia 7005234889000000000234.889 70001981690000000001,98169 7002120000000000000120/km2
San Cristóbal San Cristóbal 7005275232000000000275.232 700422652000000000022.652 70031200000000000001.200/km2
San Felipe de Puerto Plata Puerto Plata 7005286558000000000286.558 700450901000000000050.901 7002560000000000000560/km2
San Fernando de Monte Cristi Monte Cristi 700442657000000000042.657 700484295000000000084.295 700151000000000000051/km2
San Francisco de Bánica Elías Piña 70037856000000000007.856 700426598000000000026.598 700150000000000000050/km2
San Francisco de Macorís Duarte 7005245397000000000245.397 700472715000000000072.715 7002340000000000000340/km2
San Gregorio de Nigua San Cristóbal 700440589000000000040.589 70034876000000000004.876 7002830000000000000830/km2
San Gregorio de Yaguate San Cristóbal 700492586000000000092.586 700412181000000000012.181 7002760000000000000760/km2
San Ignacio de Sabaneta Santiago Rodríguez 700452056000000000052.056 700480447000000000080.447 700165000000000000065/km2
San José de las Matas Santiago 700473852000000000073.852 7005150283000000000150.283 700149000000000000049/km2
San José de los Llanos San Pedro de Macorís 700438989000000000038.989 700443646000000000043.646 700189000000000000089/km2
San José de Ocoa San José de Ocoa 700457174000000000057.174 700448487000000000048.487 7002120000000000000120/km2
San Juan de la Maguana San Juan 7005139032000000000139.032 7005187621000000000187.621 700174000000000000074/km2
San Luis Santo Domingo 7005301062000000000301.062 70034865000000000004.865 70036200000000000006.200/km2
San Pedro de Macorís San Pedro de Macorís 7005263951000000000263.951 700415233000000000015.233 70031700000000000001.700/km2
San Rafael del Yuma La Altagracia 7005100788000000000100.788 7005102865000000000102.865 700198000000000000098/km2
Sánchez Samaná 700429221000000000029.221 700432853000000000032.853 700189000000000000089/km2
Santa Bárbara de Samaná Samaná 700468179000000000068.179 700441211000000000041.211 7002170000000000000170/km2
Santa Cruz de Barahona Barahona 7005138159000000000138.159 700416302000000000016.302 7002850000000000000850/km2
Santa Cruz de El Seibo El Seibo 700497144000000000097.144 7005134433000000000134.433 700172000000000000072/km2
Santa Cruz de Mao Valverde 7005106818000000000106.818 700442360000000000042.360 7002250000000000000250/km2
Santiago de los Treinta Caballeros Santiago 70061972367000000001.972.367 700452401000000000052.401 70033763000000000003.763/km2
Santo Domingo de Guzmán Distrito Nacional 70063001613000000003.001.613 700410444000000000010.444 700428740000000000028.740/km2
Santo Domingo Este Santo Domingo 7005701269000000000701.269 700410629000000000010.629 70036600000000000006.600/km2
Santo Domingo Norte Santo Domingo 7005705983000000000705.983 700438896000000000038.896 70031800000000000001.800/km2
Santo Domingo Oeste Santo Domingo 7005693255000000000693.255 70035410000000000005.410 700413000000000000013.000/km2
Sosúa Puerto Plata 700469885000000000069.885 700427689000000000027.689 7002250000000000000250/km2
Tábara Arriba Azua 700414258000000000014.258 700420984000000000020.984 700168000000000000068/km2
Tamayo Baoruco 700425988000000000025.988 700452214000000000052.214 700150000000000000050/km2
Tamboríl Santiago 700456989000000000056.989 70036398000000000006.398 7002890000000000000890/km2
Tenares Hermanas Mirabal 700430110000000000030.110 700415971000000000015.971 7002190000000000000190/km2
Vallejuelo San Juan 700412555000000000012.555 700421882000000000021.882 700157000000000000057/km2
Vicente Noble Barahona 700414758000000000014.758 700422563000000000022.563 700165000000000000065/km2
Villa Altagracia San Cristóbal 7005169655000000000169.655 700448205000000000048.205 7002350000000000000350/km2
Villa Bisonó Santiago 700449858000000000049.858 700410106000000000010.106 7002490000000000000490/km2
Villa González Santiago 700459898000000000059.898 700410150000000000010.150 7002590000000000000590/km2
Villa Hermosa La Romana 700476598000000000076.598 700415863000000000015.863 7002480000000000000480/km2
Villa Isabela Puerto Plata 700414889000000000014.889 700421260000000000021.260 700170000000000000070/km2
Villa Jaragua Baoruco 700413562000000000013.562 700412023000000000012.023 7002110000000000000110/km2
Villa Los Almácigos Santiago Rodríguez 700416613000000000016.613 700420506000000000020.506 700181000000000000081/km2
Villa Montellano Puerto Plata 700419029000000000019.029 70037389000000000007.389 7002260000000000000260/km2
Villa Riva Duarte 700430989000000000030.989 700430993000000000030.993 7002100000000000000100/km2
Villa Tapia Hermanas Mirabal 700428565000000000028.565 70039012000000000009.012 7002320000000000000320/km2
Villa Vásquez Monte Cristi 700415245000000000015.245 700422986000000000022.986 700166000000000000066/km2
Yamasá Monte Plata 700457982000000000057.982 700444161000000000044.161 7002130000000000000130/km2

Zemljevid[uredi | uredi kodo]

Občine Dominikanske republike

Statistika[uredi | uredi kodo]

Števila prebivalstva večjih mest in upravnih središč občin in občinskih okrožij, ki obsegajo več kot 10,000 prebivalcev, so zbrana v seznamu mest v Dominikanski republiki.

Viri[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. ^ 1,0 1,1 Asamblea Nacional. "CONSTITUCION POLITICA DE LA REPBULICA DOMINICANA DE 2002" (v španščini). Pridobljeno dne 24. februar 2007. 
  2. ^ 2,0 2,1 2,2 Congreso Nacional. "Ley No. 3455, Organización Municipal, del 18 de diciembre del 1952" (PDF) (v španščini). Pridobljeno dne 2. marec 2007. 
  3. ^ Oficina Nacional de Estadistica, Departamento de Cartografia, Division de Limites y Linderos. "Listado de Codigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Actualizada a Junio 20 del 2006" (v španščini). Arhivirano iz prvotnega spletišča dne 14. marec 2007. Pridobljeno dne 24. januar 2007. 

Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]