Zgodovinskost Jezusa Kristusa

Iz Wikipedije, proste enciklopedije
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Niz člankov
Krščanstvo
Krščanstvo

Osebnosti
Jezus Kristus
Devica Marija
Apostoli
Cerkveni očetje
Svetniki
Papeži
Kardinali
Nadškofi
Škofi

Zgodovina
Ekumenski koncili
Drugi vatikanski koncil
Velika shizma
Zahodni razkol
Arhidiakon
Katolištvo
Pravoslavje
Protestantizem

Osnove
Sveta Trojica
Cerkev
Sveto pismo
Zakramenti

Molitve
Oče naš
Zdrava Marija
Veroizpoved
Rožni venec

Zgodovinskost Jezusa Kristusa je vprašanje o obstoju, delovanju in življenju zgodovinskega Jezusa Kristusa. Njegova zgodovinskost je odvisna od priznavanja in dokazovanja njegove resničnosti. Večina zgodovinarjev danes priznava njegov obstoj,[1][2] to prav tako potrjujejo zgodovinska merila. Ta so pomagala pri rekonstrukciji njegovega življenja.[3][4] Znanstveniki se sicer ne strinjajo povsem glede njegovih naukov in življenjskih podrobnosti, ki so opisane v evangelijih,[5][6][7] toda večina jih ne podpira zamisli o Kristusovem mitu oziroma njegovem neobstoju.[8][9][10] Med njimi je tudi primer G. A. Wellsa, znanega mistika, ki je spremenil svoje mnenje in sprejel minimalno zgodovinskost Jezusa Kristusa.[11]

Vprašanje njegovega zgodovinskega obstoja temelji predvsem na kritični analizi evangeljskih besedil, prav tako pa se preučevalci poslužujejo kritično-zgodovinskega preučevanja[12][13][14] in različnih metod za dokazovanje zanesljivosti le-teh.[15] Pri tem si pomagajo tudi z različnimi rekonstrukcijami Jezusovega življenja.

Velika večina sodobnih učenjakov se strinja, da je Jezus obstajal,[16][17][18] živel med letoma 7 pr. n. št. in 36, govoril aramejsko, prebival in poučeval v Galileji, da ga je krstil Janez Krstnik in da ga je dal križati Poncij Pilat. Zaradi skoposti zgodovinskih virov in njihove naknadne manipulacije o zgodovinskosti njegovih drugih dejanj ni konsenza.

Viri v Svetem pismu[uredi | uredi kodo]

Nova zaveza predstavlja širok nabor besedil, ki so kasneje v krščanstvu postali sakralni. Iz prvega stoletja n.š. najdemo tudi veliko najrazličnejših kanoničnih spisov, ki so povezani z Jezusom ali ga opisujejo.[19]

Sklici[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. Stanton, Graham (2002). The Gospels and Jesus (Oxford Bible Series) (2nd izd.). Oxford University Press. str. 145. ISBN 978-0199246168. Today nearly all historians, whether Christians or not, accept that Jesus existed and that the gospels contain plenty of valuable evidence which has to be weighed and assessed critically. There is general agreement that, with the possible exception of Paul, we know far more about Jesus of Nazareth than about any first or second century Jewish or pagan religious teacher.
  2. Bart Ehrman (a secular agnostic) wrote: "He certainly existed, as virtually every competent scholar of antiquity, Christian or non-Christian, agrees" B. Ehrman, 2011 Forged : writing in the name of God ISBN 978-0-06-207863-6. p. 285
  3. Bock, Darrell; Webb, Robert, ur. (2009). Key Events in the Life of the Historical Jesus : A Collaborative Exploration of Context and Coherence. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. ISBN 978-3161501449.
  4. Blomberg, Craig (2011). "New Testament Studies in North America". V Köstenberger, Andreas J.; Yarbrough, Robert W. (ur.). Understanding The Times: New Testament Studies in the 21st Century. Crossway. str. 282. ISBN 978-1-4335-0719-9. The fruit of a decade of work by the IBR Historical Jesus Study Group, Key Events in the Life of the Historical Jesus: A Collaborative Exploration of Context and Coherence [Ed. Darrell L. Bock and Robert L. Webb (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, forthcoming).] takes a dozen core themes or events from Jesus’ life and ministry and details the case for their authenticity via all the standard historical criteria, as well as assessing their significance. The results show significant correlation between what historians can demonstrate and what evangelical theology has classically asserted about the life of Christ.
  5. Dunn 2003, str. 339.
  6. Herzog 2005, str. 1–6.
  7. Powell 1998, str. 168–173.
  8. Mark Allan Powell (1998). Jesus as a Figure in History: How Modern Historians View the Man from Galilee. Westminster John Knox Press. str. 168. ISBN 978-0-664-25703-3.
  9. James L. Houlden (2003). Jesus in History, Thought, and Culture: Entries A–J. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-57607-856-3.
  10. Robert E. Van Voorst (2000). Jesus Outside the New Testament: An Introduction to the Ancient Evidence. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. str. 14. ISBN 978-0-8028-4368-5.
  11. Wells, George Albert (2009). Cutting Jesus Down To Size : What Higher Criticism has Achieved and Where it leaves Christianity. Chicago, Ill.: Open Court. ISBN 0812696565. When I first addressed these problems, more than thirty years ago, it seemed to me that, because the earliest Christian references to Jesus are so vague, the gospel Jesus could be no more than a mythical expansion and elaboration of this obscure figure. But from the mid-1990s I became persuaded that many of the gospel traditions are too specific in their references to time, place, and circumstances to have developed in such a short time from no other basis, and are better understood as traceable to the activity of a Galilean preacher of the early first century, the personage represented in Q (the inferred non-Markan source, not extant, common to Matthew and Luke; cf. above, p. 2), which may be even earlier than the Paulines. This is the position I have argued in my books of 1996, 1999, and 2004, although the titles of the first two of these-The Jesus Legend and The Jesus Myth-may mislead potential readers into supposing that I still denied the historicity of the gospel Jesus.
  12. Amy-Jill Levine; Dale C. Allison Jr.; John Dominic Crossan (2006). The Historical Jesus in Context. Princeton University Press. str. 1–2. ISBN 978-0-691-00992-6.
  13. Bart D. Ehrman (1999). Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium. Oxford University Press. str. ix–xi. ISBN 978-0-19-512473-6.
  14. Dunn 2003, str. 125–127.
  15. E. Meyers & J. Strange (1992). Archaeology, the Rabbis, & Early Christianity. Nashville: Abingdon, 1981; Article "Nazareth" in the Anchor Bible Dictionary. New York: Doubleday. Predloga:Page?
  16. Bart Ehrman (a secular agnostic) wrote: "He certainly existed, as virtually every competent scholar of antiquity, Christian or non-Christian, agrees" B. Ehrman, 2011 Forged : writing in the name of God ISBN 978-0-06-207863-6. p. 285
  17. Robert M. Price (a Christian atheist) who denies the existence of Jesus agrees that this perspective runs against the views of the majority of scholars: Robert M. Price "Jesus at the Vanishing Point" in The Historical Jesus: Five Views edited by James K. Beilby & Paul Rhodes Eddy, 2009 InterVarsity, ISBN 0830838686 p. 61
  18. Jesus Now and Then by Richard A. Burridge and Graham Gould (1 April 2004) ISBN 0802809774 p. 34
  19. Theissen, Gerd; Merz, Annette (1996). The Historical Jesus. Minneapolis MN: Fortress Press. str. 17–62. ISBN 978-0-8006-3122-2.