Predloga:Specifikacije letala

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Splošne karakteristike

Zmogljivost

Documentation icon Dokumentacija predloge[predogled] [uredi] [zgodovina] [osveži]

Uporaba

{{Specifikacije letala
<!-- če ne razumete kako uporabiti to predlogo, vprašajte o tem na pogovorni strani te predloge. -->
| plane or copter? = <!-- opcije: plane/copter -->
| jet or prop?     = <!-- opcije: jet/prop/both/neither -->
<!-- Sedaj izpolnite specifikacije.--> 
<!-- Vključite enote kjer je to potrebno (najprej osnovno enoto - main, alternativno - alt - pa v oklepajih).--> 
<!--Pazite na pravilen vnos naših decimalnih vejic.-->
| ref = 
<!-- Splošne karakteristike -->
| crew         = 
| capacity     = 
| payload main = 
| payload alt  = 
| payload more = 
| length main  = 
| length alt   = 
| span main    = 
| span alt     = 
| height main  = 
| height alt   = 
| area main    = 
| area alt     = 
| airfoil      = 
| aspect ratio = 
| empty weight main  = 
| empty weight alt   = 
| loaded weight main = 
| loaded weight alt  = 
| useful load main   = 
| useful load alt    = 
| max takeoff weight main = 
| max takeoff weight alt  = 
| more general            = 
<!-- Pogon letala -->
| engine (jet)    = 
| type of jet     = 
| number of jets  = 
| thrust main     = 
| thrust alt      = 
| thrust original = 
| afterburning thrust main = 
| afterburning thrust alt  = 

| engine (prop)   = 
| type of prop    = 
| number of props = 
| power main      = 
| power alt       = 
| power original  = 

| propeller or rotor?     = <!-- opcije: propeller/rotor -->
| propellers              = 
| number of propellers per engine = 
| propeller diameter main = 
| propeller diameter alt  = 
<!-- Zmogljivost -->
| max speed main    = 
| max speed alt     = 
| max speed more    = 
| cruise speed main = 
| cruise speed alt  = 
| cruise speed more = 
| stall speed main  = 
| stall speed alt   = 
| stall speed more  = 
| never exceed speed main = 
| never exceed speed alt  = 
| range main        = 
| range alt         = 
| range more        = 
| combat radius main= 
| combat radius alt = 
| combat radius more= 
| ferry range main  = 
| ferry range alt   = 
| ferry range more  = 
| endurance         = 
| ceiling main      = 
| ceiling alt       = 
| ceiling more      = 
| climb rate main   = 
| climb rate alt    = 
| climb rate more   = 
| sink rate main    = 
| sink rate alt     = 
| sink rate more    = 

| loading main      = 
| loading alt       = 
| thrust/weight     = 
| power/mass main   = 
| power/mass alt    = 
| more performance  = 
<!-- Oborožitev -->
| armament = <!-- če boste vnesli spodnje parametre, tega ne uporabite-->
| guns     = 
| bombs    = 
| rockets  = 
| missiles = 
 
| hardpoints = 
| hardpoint capacity = 
| hardpoint rockets  = 
| hardpoint missiles = 
| hardpoint bombs    = 
| hardpoint other    = 

| avionics = 
}}

Specifikacije letala[uredi kodo]

Opozorilo urejevalcem: urejanje kode z namenom, da bi »izgledalo lepše« bo najverjetneje vodilo v napačne začetne presledke in prazne vrstice.

Ta predloga vsebuje štiri razdelke: Splošne karakteristike, zmogljivost, oborožitev in letalsko elektroniko.

Večina numeričnih količin je razdeljena v glavno 'main' in 'alt'. Npr.: količina 'empty weight' je opredeljena s parametri {{{empty weight main}}} in {{{empty weight alt}}}. Katera bo prikazana prva je odvisno od izvora in obdobja. U.S. letala bodo najprej imela ameriške merske enote (teža za 'main' bo v funt (lb), in vrednost za 'alt' bo v kilogramih (kg)). Ostala letala bodo uporabljala metrični sistem enot, tako, da bodo imela kg za 'main' in lb za 'alt'. Britanska letala uporabljajo imperialne enote in letala RAF so uporabljala mph do konac 2.sv. vojne medtem ko so Fleet Air Arm letala uporabljala vozle.

Zaradi ParserFunctions, ki jih ta predloga uporablja, se bodo vse vrednosti avtomatsko pojavile v članku, ko bodo določene. Npr.: če določite |area main=1.000 ft<sup>2</sup>|area alt=93 m<sup>2</sup>, se bo v članku avtomatsko pojavilo besedilo:

  • Površina kril: 1,000 ft2 (93 m2)

V spodnjih navodilih se na parametre sklicujemo takole: {{{parameter name}}}. Če želimo navesti vrednost za določeni parameter, se bo uporabil takšen zapis|parameter name=vrednost.

Pomožni (nespecifikacijski) parametri[uredi kodo]

Ta predloga uporablja tri parametre, ki niso direktno povezani s specifikacijami: {{{plane or copter?}}}, {{{jet or prop?}}} in {{{ref}}}. Prva dva sta namenjena kontroli izpisa predloge, zadnji pa je namenjen navajanju.

{{{plane or copter?}}}
  • Če ima zrakoplov rotor (helikopterji, žirodini, zrakoplovi z nagibnim rotorjem, itd.), mora vrednost tega parametra biti |plane or copter?=copter.
  • Če ima zrakopolov nepremična krilamora vrednost tega parametra biti |plane or copter?=plane.
{{{jet or prop?}}}
  • Za letala, ki imajo za pogon reaktivni ali raketni motor, opredelite |jet or prop?=jet.
  • Za tiste, ki jih poganjajo propelerji, opredelite |jet or prop?=prop.
  • Včasih ima zrakoplov reaktivni pogon in propelerje; za te uporabite |jet or prop?=both.
  • Zrakoplovi brez motorjev kot so jadralna letala, moraja biti označena z |jet or prop?=neither.
{{{ref}}}
Uporablja se za navajanje virov v razdelku specifikacij. Zgled: |ref=The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft<ref>{{navedi enciklopedijo|last=Donald|first=David|year=1997|title=Boeing Model 299 (B-17 Flying Fortress|encyclopedia=The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft: 1|location=Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada|publisher=Prospero Books|id=ISBN 1-85605-375-X|pages=154-155}}</ref>. Za informacije o predlogah za sklice glej Wikipedija:Predloge za navajanje.

Splošne karakteristike[uredi kodo]

{{{crew}}}
The number of people required to operate the aircraft. If you wish to specify the roles played by each crew member, do so in something similar to the following format: |crew=3 (pilot, copilot, flight engineer)
{{{capacity}}}
The number of passengers the aircraft can carry if the plane is commercial. For general aviation aircraft, this should usually be specified x number of passengers: |capacity=88 passengers and can include crew. Most military transports can be used for patients. In this case, something similar to the system used for the C-130 Hercules may be in order:
|capacity=<br/>
** 92 passengers ''or''
** 64 airborne troops ''or''
** 74 litter patients with 2 medical personnel
{{{payload main}}}, {{{payload alt}}}, {{{payload more}}}
Specifies the amount of cargo that can be carried by an aircraft. For 'main' and 'alt', specify the weight of the payload. If applicable, use to specify the type of payload usually carried, such as fertiliser for agricultural aircraft or mail for mailplanes.
{{{length main}}}, {{{length alt}}}
The length of the aircraft from nose to tail. For helicopters, this means the length of the fuselage without taking the rotor into consideration.
{{{span main}}}, {{{span alt}}}
The wingspan of fixed wing aircraft, or the main rotor diameter for rotorcraft.
{{{height main}}}, {{{height alt}}}
{{{area main}}}, {{{area alt}}}
The area of the wing of a fixed wing aircraft, or the total area of all main rotors for rotorcraft (does not include maneuvering rotors).
{{{airfoil}}}
For fixed wing aircraft, the type of airfoil the wing uses. Eg, see NACA airfoil for information on airfoil types.
aspect ratio
for fixed wing aircraft, the aspect ratio of the wing - a parameter generally of interest in gliders (sailplanes)
{{{empty weight main}}}, {{{empty weight alt}}}
The weight of the aircraft when unloaded—no crew, passengers, cargo, or fuel.
{{{loaded weight main}}}, {{{loaded weight alt}}}
The weight of the aircraft when loaded for a 'typical' mission. This statistic is cited for almost any aircraft, but it is relatively arbitrary, so only use statistics given in sources.
{{{useful load main}}}, {{{useful load alt}}}
The difference between the aircraft's maximum weight and empty weight.
{{{max takeoff weight main}}}, {{{max takeoff weight alt}}}, {{{max takeoff weight more}}}
The heaviest the aircraft can be and still get off the ground.
{{{more general}}}
A place to put anything relevant not included already under the general parameters eg "Fuel Capacity: 500 gallons"

Pogon[uredi kodo]

If there is any information that needs to be added after the engine specs, it should be added using the parameter {{{more general}}}. eg |more general=engines coupled through gearbox.

Letala s propelerji[uredi kodo]

{{{number of props}}}
The number of engines that drive the propellers. For fixed wing aircraft, this is usually—but not always—the same as the number of propellers.
{{{engine (prop)}}}
The model of engine the aircraft uses. Example: |engine (prop)=[[Pratt & Whitney R-4360]]-53 "Wasp Major".
{{{type of prop}}}
The configuration of the engine. Examples: |type of prop=liquid-cooled [[V12 engine]], |type of prop=[[turboprop]], |type of prop=[[radial engine]].
{{{power main}}}, ({{{power alt}}})
The power output of the engine.
{{{power original}}}
For some engines the power output may have been originally measured in an unconventional unit. For example, older German engines originally had their power measured in Pferdestärke (PS). Sample usage of this parameter: |power original=<ref>Originally measured as 15,000 [[Pferdestärke|PS]].
{{{power more}}}
More information on the power rating, such as the rpm of the engine.

Reaktivna letala[uredi kodo]

{{{number of jets}}}
The number of jet engines or rockets the aircraft has.
{{{engine (jet)}}}
The model of jet or rocket used by the aircraft
{{{type of jet}}}
The configuration of jet, such as turbojet, turbofan, thermojet, rocket, etc.
{{{afterburning thrust main}}}, {{{afterburning thrust alt}}}
Thrust of the engine with afterburner, if applicable.
{{{thrust main}}}, {{{thrust alt}}}
The thrust of the engine; if the engine has afterburners, this parameter denotes dry thrust.
{{{afterburning thrust original}}}, {{{thrust original}}}
Some engines had their original measurements taken in unconventional units. For example, many Russian and Soviet engines were originally rated using kilogram-force.

Model in konfiguracija propelerja[uredi kodo]

{{{propeller or rotor?}}}
If it is a propeller on a fixed wing aircraft, specify |propeller or rotor?=propeller. If it is a rotor on a helicopter or other rotary wing aircraft, specify |propeller or rotor=rotor.
{{{propellers}}}
The model and configuration of the propellers. Example: |propellers=Three-bladed [[Hamilton Standard]].
{{{number of propellers per engine}}}
With some aircraft, multiple propellers will be driven off one engine. Use this parameter to specify the number per engine.
{{{propeller diameter main}}}, {{{propeller diameter alt}}}
Used to indicate the diameter of the propellers. For helicopters, the rotor diameter was already specified using the {{{span}}} parameter.

Zmogljivost[uredi kodo]

The available parameter fields are: Their use is fairly obvious.

  • | never exceed speed main =
  • | never exceed speed alt =
  • | never exceed speed more =
  • | max speed main =
  • | max speed alt =
  • | max speed more = (displays only when there is a value for max speed alt )
  • | cruise speed main =
  • | cruise speed alt =
  • | cruise speed more =
  • | stall speed main =
  • | stall speed alt =
  • | stall speed more =
  • | lift to drag =
  • | minimum control speed main =
  • | minimum control speed alt =
  • | minimum control speed more =
  • | range main =
  • | range alt =
  • | range more =
  • | combat radius main =
  • | combat radius alt =
  • | combat radius more =
  • | ferry range main =
  • | ferry range alt =
  • | ferry range more =
  • | endurance = (patrol aircraft and older aircraft may have this instead of range)
  • | ceiling main =
  • | ceiling alt =
  • | ceiling more =
  • | climb rate main =
  • | climb rate alt =
  • | climb rate more =
  • | sink rate main =
  • | sink rate alt =
  • | sink rate more =
  • | fuel consumption =
  • | performance more =

Oborožitev[uredi kodo]

You can use |armament= followed by a bulletted list of the armaments, or omit that line entirely and use the following specific parameters. If you include the line |armament= at all—even with an empty value—then none of the following parameters will have any effect.

| guns =
| bombs =
| rockets =
| missiles =
| hardpoints = to specify the number of hardpoints
| hardpoint capacity = to specify the capacity of hardpoints eg as total payload
and
| hardpoint rockets =
| hardpoint missiles=
| hardpoint bombs =
| hardpoint other =

to specify the types of hardpoint weapons

Letalska elektronika[uredi kodo]

Dodano bo kasneje