Predloga:IPA-ja

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Usage of IPA pronunciation templates[uredi kodo]

Predloga:IPA keys Wikipedia offers several templates for proper display of IPA transcriptions.

IPA font[uredi kodo]

In general, IPA symbols on a page should be enclosed in the {{IPA}} template, which formats the text in an IPA-producing font. If a substantial portion of a page uses IPA, it is customary to post notice of that fact with {{Contains special characters|IPA}}, though each token still requires the {{IPA}} template for proper formatting.

If there are not enough occurrences to warrant a notice, then consider a template that links to an IPA key for the first instance of the IPA on a page or section.

English words[uredi kodo]

For English words, in a broad, non-regional transcription, as when giving the pronunciation of a key word in an article, use {{IPAc-en}}, which links to Pomoč:IPA/angleščina, a chart of the subset of the IPA that is relevant to English, and automates the conversion to IPA, so that {{IPAc-en|'|w|3:r|d}} appears as /ˈwɜrd/. This provides mouse-over links to the symbols, and is now the preferred template.

For a specific transcription in a regional variety, use {{IPA-endia}} or {{IPA-all}}.

Non-English words[uredi kodo]

For words that are not assimilated into English, regional pronunciations of English words, and non-standard English dialects, use templates linking to the more general Pomoč:IPA chart, containing all major IPA symbols:

  • {{IPA-all}}, appearing as: IPA: [word]. Or:
  • For specific languages, there may be dedicated IPA keys for standardized transcription. There are several options for their display. The first cell includes the ISO code of the language; the second is the transcription; the third keys an introductory phrase; and the fourth is space for a sound file. Using the French word eau [o] as an example, we have the default format:
    • {{IPA-fr|o}}francoska izgovarjava: [o]
  • Or the word "pronounced" can be used as the introduction:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|pron}}izgovor: [o]
  • Language name only:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|lang}}francosko: [o]
  • "IPA" only:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|IPA}}IPA: [o]
  • Link only:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|}}[o]
  • Any of these may be combined with a sound file:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|lang|Fr-eau.ogg}}francosko: [o]  ( listen)
  • For the default introductory phrase, however, a placeholder such as “-” is required:

Supported languages and templates[uredi kodo]

Ključ Jezik Predloge
Pomoč:IPA/Adigejščina Adigejščina {{IPA-ady}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Afrikanščina Afrikanščina {{IPA-af}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Albanščina Albanščina {{IPA-sq}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Alemanščina Alemanščina {{IPA-gsw}} (uporaba)
Alemán Coloniero {{IPA-gct}} (uporaba)
Švabsko narečje {{IPA-swg}} (uporaba)
Walser German {{IPA-wae}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Amharščina Amharščina {{IPA-am}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Arabščina Arabščina {{IPA-ar}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-ar}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Armenščina Armenščina {{IPA-hy}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Asamščina Asamščina {{IPA-as}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Astur-Leonese Asturian {{IPA-ast}} (uporaba)
Extremaduran {{IPA-ext}} (uporaba)
Leonese {{IPA-le}} (uporaba)
Mirandese {{IPA-mwl}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Australian languages Australian Aboriginal languages {{IPA-aus}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Azerbaijani Azerbaijani {{IPA-az}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Basque Basque {{IPA-eu}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Belarusian Belarusian {{IPA-be}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Bengali Bengali {{IPA-bn}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Berber Berber {{IPA-ber}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Breton Breton {{IPA-br}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Bulgarian Bulgarian {{IPA-bg}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Burmese Burmese {{IPA-my}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Cantonese Cantonese {{IPA-yue}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-yue}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Catalan Catalan {{IPA-ca}} (uporaba)
Valencian {{IPA-va}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Colognian Colognian {{IPA-ksh}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Corsican Corsican {{IPA-co}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Czech Czech {{IPA-cs}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Danish Danish {{IPA-da}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Dutch Dutch {{IPA-nl}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Egyptian Arabic Egyptian Arabic {{IPA-arz}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Emilian-Romagnol Emilian {{IPA-egl}} (uporaba)
Romagnol {{IPA-rgn}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/English English {{IPAc-en}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Esperanto Esperanto {{IPA-eo}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Estonian Estonian {{IPA-et}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Fijian Fijian {{IPA-fj}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Finnish Finnish {{IPA-fi}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Franco-Provençal Franco-Provençal {{IPA-frp}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/French French {{IPA-fr}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-fr}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Galician Galician {{IPA-gl}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Georgian Georgian {{IPA-ka}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-ka}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Greek Greek {{IPA-el}} (uporaba), {{IPA-grc}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Gujarati Gujarati {{IPA-gu}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Haitian Creole Haitian Creole {{IPA-ht}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Hawaiian Hawaiian {{IPA-haw}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Hebrew Hebrew {{IPA-he}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-he}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Hejazi Arabic Hejazi Arabic {{IPA-acw}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Hindi and Urdu Hindustani {{IPA-hns}} (uporaba)
Hindi {{IPA-hi}} (uporaba)
Urdu {{IPA-ur}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Hmong Hmong {{IPA-hmn}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Hungarian Hungarian {{IPA-hu}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-hu}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Icelandic Icelandic {{IPA-is}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Inuktitut Inuktitut {{IPA-iu}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Inupiaq Inupiaq {{IPA-ik}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Irish Irish {{IPA-ga}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-ga}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Italian Italian {{IPA-it}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-it}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Italian dialects Italian dialects {{IPA-itdia}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Japanese Japanese {{IPA-ja}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-ja}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Kazakh Kazakh {{IPA-kk}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Khmer Khmer {{IPA-km}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Korean Korean {{IPA-ko}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-ko}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Kurdish Kurdish {{IPA-ku}} (uporaba)
Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish) {{IPA-kmr}} (uporaba)
Sorani (Central Kurdish) {{IPA-ckb}} (uporaba)
Southern Kurdish {{IPA-sdh}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Kyrgyz Kyrgyz {{IPA-ky}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Lao Lao {{IPA-lo}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Latin Latin {{IPA-la}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Latvian Latvian {{IPA-lv}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Lebanese Arabic Lebanese Arabic {{IPA-apc}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Ligurian Ligurian {{IPA-lij}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Lithuanian Lithuanian {{IPA-lt}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Lombard Lombard {{IPA-lmo}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Luxembourgish Luxembourgish {{IPA-lb}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Macedonian Macedonian {{IPA-mk}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Malagasy Malagasy {{IPA-mg}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Malay Malay {{IPA-ms}} (uporaba)
Indonesian {{IPA-id}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Malayalam Malayalam {{IPA-ml}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Maltese Maltese {{IPA-mt}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Mandarin Standard Chinese {{IPA-cmn}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-cmn}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Manx Manx {{IPA-gv}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Maithili Maithili {{IPA-mai}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Māori Māori {{IPA-mi}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-mi}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Marathi Marathi {{IPA-mr}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Marshallese Marshallese {{IPA-mh}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-mh}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Mauritian Creole Mauritian Creole {{IPA-mfe}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Mayan Mayan {{IPA-myn}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Mongolian Mongolian {{IPA-mn}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Nahuatl Nahuatl {{IPA-nah}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Navajo Navajo {{IPA-nv}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Neapolitan Neapolitan {{IPA-nap}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Nepali Nepali {{IPA-ne}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Nguni Swazi {{IPA-ss}} (uporaba)
Xhosa {{IPA-xh}} (uporaba)
Zulu {{IPA-zu}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Northern Thai Northern Thai {{IPA-nod}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Norwegian Norwegian {{IPA-no}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Occitan Occitan {{IPA-oc}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Odia Odia {{IPA-or}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Old English Old English {{IPA-ang}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Persian Persian {{IPA-fa}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Piedmontese Piedmontese {{IPA-pms}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Polish Polish {{IPA-pl}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-pl}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Portuguese Portuguese {{IPA-pt}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-pt}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Punjabi Punjabi {{IPA-pa}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Quechua Quechua {{IPA-qu}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Romanian Romanian {{IPA-ro}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-ro}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Romansh Romansh {{IPA-rm}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Russian Russian {{IPA-ru}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Sanskrit Sanskrit {{IPA-sa}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Sardinian Sardinian {{IPA-sc}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic {{IPA-gd}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian {{IPA-sh}} (uporaba)
Croatian {{IPA-hr}} (uporaba)
Serbian {{IPA-sr}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Shan and Tai Lue Shan {{IPA-shn}} (uporaba)
Tai Lue {{IPA-khb}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Sicilian Sicilian {{IPA-scn}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Slovak Slovak {{IPA-sk}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Slovene Slovene {{IPA-sl}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Spanish Spanish {{IPA-es}} (uporaba), {{IPAc-es}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Standard German German {{IPA-de}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Swahili Swahili {{IPA-sw}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Swedish Swedish {{IPA-sv}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Tagalog Tagalog {{IPA-tl}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Taiwanese Hokkien Taiwanese Hokkien {{IPA-taiwan}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Tamil Tamil {{IPA-ta}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Tatar Tatar {{IPA-tt}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Telugu Telugu {{IPA-te}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Thai Thai {{IPA-th}} (uporaba), {{IPA-sou}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Tibetan Tibetan {{IPA-bo}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Tigrinya Tigrinya {{IPA-ti}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Tunisian Arabic Tunisian Arabic {{IPA-aeb}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Turkish Turkish {{IPA-tr}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Turkmen Turkmen {{IPA-tk}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Ukrainian Ukrainian {{IPA-uk}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Uzbek Uzbek {{IPA-uz}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Venetian Venetian {{IPA-vec}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Vietnamese Vietnamese {{IPA-vi}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Walloon Walloon {{IPA-wa}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Welsh Welsh {{IPA-cy}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/West Frisian West Frisian {{IPA-fy}} (uporaba)
Pomoč:IPA/Yiddish Yiddish {{IPA-yi}} (uporaba)

Languages without dedicated keys[uredi kodo]

Templates have been created for languages which do not yet have dedicated key pages. Transcriptions which use these templates will link to Pomoč:IPA for the time being; when a language-specific key is created the templates will be linked accordingly. For example, you can use {{IPA-jv|word}} for Javanese, but for the moment it will link to Pomoč:IPA, producing Predloga:IPA-jv.

Languages and language extensions (IPA-xx) with links to Pomoč:IPA

Conversion to IPA[uredi kodo]

The template {{x2i}} takes X-SAMPA symbols (ASCII equivalents of IPA symbols) and converts them to IPA.

Other language-specific templates allow you to enter ordinary letters (or conventional ASCII equivalents) in place of IPA characters, and they will be automatically converted to the phonetic symbols that are used to transcribe the language. The templates that are currently available are shown below, with examples:

Language Template Code example Result
Arabic {{IPAc-ar}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-ar|2|a|l|l|u|gh|a|t_|a|l|3|a|r|a|b|i|y|y|a}} Predloga:IPAc-ar
Cantonese {{IPAc-yue}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-yue|h|ung|2|.|z|i|2}} [hǒŋ.tsǐː]
English {{IPAc-en}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-en|,|{|l|@|'|b|{|m|@}} /ˌæləˈbæmə/
French {{IPAc-fr}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-fr|j|@|-|s|U|i|s_|a|m|é|r|i|c|ain}} Predloga:IPAc-fr
Georgian {{IPAc-ka}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-ka|dz|a|l|a|_|e|r|t|o|b|a|sh|i|a}} Predloga:IPAc-ka
Hebrew {{IPAc-he}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-he|y|a|ʿ|a|k|o|v}} Predloga:IPAc-he
Hungarian {{IPAc-hu}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-hu|'|m|a|gy|a|r}} Predloga:IPAc-hu
Irish {{IPAc-ga}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-ga|'|b|ai|l'|@|-|'|á|th|@|-|'|c'|l'|ia|th}} Predloga:IPAc-ga
Italian {{IPAc-it}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-it|'|ì|o|_|'|s|o|:|n|o|_|a|m|e|r|i|'|c|a|:|n|o}} Predloga:IPAc-it
Japanese {{IPAc-ja}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-ja|ku|ro|si|o}} Japonska izgovorjava: [ku]
Korean {{IPAc-ko}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-ko|h|a|ng|eo}} Predloga:IPAc-ko
Mandarin {{IPAc-cmn}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-cmn|zh|ong|1|h|ua|2|-|r|en|2|m|in|2|-|g|ong|4|h|e|2|g|uo|2}} [ʈʂʊ́ŋxwǎ ɻə̌nmǐn kʊ̂ŋxɤ̌kwǒ]
Māori {{IPAc-mi}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-mi|ng|ā|r|u|a|'|w|ā|h|i|a}} Predloga:IPAc-mi
Marshallese {{IPAc2-mh}} (uporaba) {{IPAc2-mh|mhahjelh}} Predloga:IPAc2-mh
Polish {{IPAc-pl}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-pl|'|sz|cz|e|ć|i|n}} Predloga:IPAc-pl
Portuguese {{IPAc-pt}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-pt|p|o|<|r|t|u|'|g|a|l|lang=pt}} and {{IPAc-pt|b|r|a|'|S|i|l|lang=br}} Predloga:IPAc-pt and Predloga:IPAc-pt
Romanian {{IPAc-ro}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-ro|ˈ|m|U|n|ț|ii|_|f|ă|G|ă|ˈ|r|a|ș|U|l|U|i}} Predloga:IPAc-ro
Spanish {{IPAc-es}} (uporaba) {{IPAc-es|m|i|'|gu|e|l|_|d|e|_|c|e|r|'|v|a|n|t|e|s|_|s|aa|'|v|e|d|r|a}} Predloga:IPAc-es

The following templates have also been created, but they haven't been vetted by the community and may not work properly:

See also[uredi kodo]