Parlament Združenega kraljestva

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Koordinati: 51°29′57.5″N 00°07′29.1″W / 51.499306°N 0.124750°W / 51.499306; -0.124750

Parlament Združenega kraljestva
Velike Britanije in Severne Irske
58. parlament
Coat of arms or logo
Tip
Tip
dvodomni
Domovizgornji dom (House of Lords)
spodnji dom (House of Commons)
Zgodovina
PredhodnikParlament Velike Britanije & Parlament Irske
Vodstvo
Kraljica Elizabeta II.
od 6. februar 1952
Lindsay Hoyle
od 4. november 2019
Boris Johnson, konzervativec
od 24. julij 2019
Delavska stranka
od 4. april 2020
Struktura
Sedeži
House of Lords composition.svg
House of Lords[1] - politične skupine
Speaker
     Lord Speaker
Lords Spiritual
     Bishops (26)
(seated on the Government benches)
Lords Temporal
HM Government
     Conservative Party (261)
HM Most Loyal Opposition
     Labour Party (172)
Ostala opozicija
     Liberal Democrats (86)
     Democratic Unionist Party (5)
     Ulster Unionist Party (2)
     Green Party (2)
     Plaid Cymru (1)
     Non-affiliated (47)
Crossbench
     Crossbench (187)
UK House of Commons 2020.svg
House of Commons[2] - politične skupine
HM Government
     Conservative Party (364)
HM Most Loyal Opposition
     Labour Party (198)
Ostala opozicija (78)
     Scottish National Party (45)
     Liberal Democrats (12)
     Democratic Unionist Party (8)
     Plaid Cymru (3)
     Social Democratic and Labour Party (2)
     Alba Party (2)
     Green Party (1)
     Alliance Party (1)
     Neodvisni (4)
     Prosti (1)
Abstentionist
     Sinn Féin (7)
Presiding officer
     Speaker (1)
Volitve
House of Commons[2] zadnje volitve
12. december 2019
House of Commons[2] naslednje volitve
na ali pred 2. majem 2024
Meeting place
Parliament at Sunset.JPG
Westminsterska palača
Westminster, London
Združeno kraljestvo
Spletna stran
www.parliament.uk

Parlament Združenega kraljestva[a] je najvišji zakonodajni organ Združenega kraljestva, Kronskih odvisnosti in Britanskih čezmorskih ozemelj.[3][4] Ima zakonodajno prevlado in s tem vrhovno oblast nad vsemi drugimi političnimi organi v Veliki Britaniji in čezmorskih ozemljih. Parlament je dvodomni, vendar je sestavljen iz treh delov - monarh (Crown-in-Parlament), zgornji dom (House of Lords) in spodnji dom (House of Commons).[5][6] Oba doma parlamenta se sestajata v ločenih dvoranah v Westminstrski palači v Westminstru, v Londonu.

Zgornji dom (tudi dom lordov ali Lordska zbornica) je sestavljena iz dveh vrst članov: duhovni lordi (Lords Spiritual), to so višji škofi anglikanske cerkve, Lords Temporal, ki ga sestavljajo pretežno imenovani lordi (life peers), ki jih dosmrtno imenuje monarh[7] in 92 dednih članov (Hereditary peer), ki so ta naziv nasledili ali pa so si ga glede na dosežke sami pridobili.

Spodnji dom je sestavljen iz neposredno voljenih predstavnikov iz 650 angleških volilnih enot. Volitve potekajo v enomandatnih volilnih enotah na podlagi sistema relativne večine. Najdaljše možno obdobje trajanja enega mandata je pet let.[8]

Sklici[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. "Lords by party, type of peerage and gender". UK Parliament.
  2. "Current State of the Parties". UK Parliament. Pridobljeno dne 10 May 2021.
  3. Colonial Laws Validity Act 1865
  4. Statute of Westminster 1931
  5. "Primacy of the Commons, role of the Lords, and Lords reform". 3 November 2006. Pridobljeno dne 13 November 2018. 22. Our remit requires us to accept "the primacy of the House of Commons". It is worth considering what this means in the context of legislation, and of the conventions operating between the two Houses. 23. Constitutional and Administrative Law by O. Hood Phillips and Jackson declares it to be a constitutional convention that "In cases of conflict the Lords should ultimately yield to the Commons."[34] It goes on to observe that this convention was backed until 1911 by the possibility of packing the Lords with government supporters, and has been underpinned since then by the Parliament Acts.
  6. "What is the role of Parliament?". How Parliament works. UK Parliament. Pridobljeno dne 10 February 2008.
  7. "Lords Spiritual and Temporal". Glossary. UK Parliament. Pridobljeno dne 10 February 2008.
  8. "How Parliament works". About Parliament. UK Parliament. Pridobljeno dne 21 June 2017.

Opombe[uredi | uredi kodo]

  1. Alternatively called the British Parliament, UK Parliament or Westminster Parliament. Also domestically referred to as Parliament or Westminster.

Zunanje povezave[uredi | uredi kodo]